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1979–In one of the first public acknowledgments of the hard times beginning to hit the record industry, Rolling Stone magazine reports that due to the “skyrocketing costs of producing, promoting and supporting a new album, now put at between $350,000 and $500,000, labels will start limiting their new releases.”



1010–Ferdowsi completes his epic poem "Shahnameh."

1126–Following the death of his mother Urraca, Alfonso VII is proclaimed King of Castile and León.

1144–Pope Celestine II dies in Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire. He only governed the Church for five months and 13 days from his election until his death.

1286–John III, Duke of Brittany, is born at Château de Champtoceaux in France.

1293–Beatrice of Castile is born in Toro, Portugal.

1403–Ottoman sultan, Bayezid I, dies in capativity at age 43.

1576–Spanish explorer, Diego García de Palacio, first sights the ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Copán.

1616–Maria Anna of Bavaria dies in Graz, Austria, at age 41.

1618–Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.

1655–John Casor becomes the first legally-recognized slave in England's North American colonies where a crime was not committed.

1658–After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655-1661), Frederick III, King of Denmark-Norway, is forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden to save the rest.

1702–William III of England dies of pneumonia at Kensington Palace, London, England, at age 51. He was Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672; and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death. As King of Scotland, he was known as William II. He was informally known by sections of the population in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy." Upon his death, Queen Anne ascends to the throne, becoming Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

1717–On Fishers Island in Long Island Sound, 1,200 sheep are discovered to have been buried under a snow drift for four weeks. When they are finally uncovered, 100 sheep were still alive.

1717–Abraham Darby I dies after a long illness at his home, Madeley Court, Madeley, Shropshire, at age 38. He developed a method of producing pig iron in a blast furnace fueled by coke rather than charcoal. This was a major step forward in the production of iron as a raw material for the Industrial Revolution.

1722–The Safavid Empire of Iran is defeated by an army from Afghanistan at The Battle of Gulnabad, pushing Iran into anarchy.

1736–Nader Shah, founder of the Afsharid dynasty, is crowned Shah of Iran.

1748–William V, Prince of Orange, is born Willem Batavus in The Hague, Netherlands. He was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London, England, in 1795.

1775–Thomas Paine's “African Slavery in America” is published. It is the first article in the U.S. calling for the emancipation of all slaves and the abolition of slavery altogether.

1777–Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt, Germany.

1782–Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity, are killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.

1783–Hannah Van Buren, wife of President Martin Van Buren, is born Hannah Hoes in Kinderhook, New York. She died before Van Bruen was elected and he never remarried. During his term, his daughter-in-law, Angelica, performed the role of hostess of the White House and as the eighth First Lady of the United States.

1788–Metaphysicist, William Hamilton, is born in Glasgow, Scotland. In 1829, his career of authorship began with the appearance of the well-known essay on the "Philosophy of the Unconditioned," the first of a series of articles contributed by him to the Edinburgh Review. In 1836, he was elected to the Edinburgh chair of logic and metaphysics, and during the next 20 years, he had an influence over the thought of the younger generation in Scotland.

1801–During the War of the Second Coalition, a British force, under Sir Ralph Abercromby, lands in Egypt with the aim of ending the French campaign in Egypt and Syria, at the Battle of Abukir.

1817–The New York Stock Exchange is founded.

1824–French politician and gourmet, Jean Jacques Regis de Cambaceres, dies in Paris, France. He was a French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic Code, which still forms the basis of French civil law. The dinners he gave were famous, and Cambaceres closely supervised the food preparation. He refused to allow late-comers, and was also said to have demanded complete silence while dining.

1838–The U.S. Mint in New Orleans, Louisiana, begins its operation producing dimes.

1841–Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., 59th Supreme Court Justice (1902-1932), is born in Boston, Massachusetts. Holmes retired from the Court at the age of 90 years and 309 days, making him the oldest Justice in the Supreme Court's history.

1844–Charles XIV John of Sweden dies from a stroke in Stockholm, Sweden, at age 81. Oscar I ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.

1848–LaMarcus Adna Thompson, developer of the roller coaster, is born in Jersey, Licking County, Ohio. He has been called the "Father of the Gravity Ride."

1855–The Niagara Suspension Bridge opens, linking Canada and the United States. It is the world's first suspension bridge built to carry trains.

1859–Writer, Kenneth Grahame, is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. he is best known for The Wind in the Willows (1908), one of the classics of children's literature.

1865–Printer and type designer, Frederick William Goudy, is born in Bloomington, Illinois. His typefaces include Copperplate Gothic, Kennerly, and Goudy Old Style. Upon turning 40, for the next 36 years he cut 113 fonts of type, creating more usable faces than did the seven greatest inventors of type and books, from Gutenberg to Garamond.

1868–Japanese samurai kill 11 French sailors at the port of Sakai, Osaka.

1869–Romantic composer, Hector Berlioz, best known for his Symphonie Fantastique, dies in Paris, France, at age 65. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians.

1874–Millard Fillmore, 13th U.S. President (1850-1853), dies of the after effects of a stroke in Buffalo, New York, at age 74. As Zachary Taylor's vice president, he assumed the presidency after Taylor's death.

1884–Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee, arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony's argument comes 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.

1894–Dog licenses become mandatory in the state of New York.

1900–Computer scientist, Howard H. Aiken, is born in Hoboken, New Jersey. He created the Harvard Mark I. This was the IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called Mark I by Harvard University’s staff. It was a general purpose electro-mechanical computer that was used in the war effort during the last part of World War II. The Mark I was officially retired, after 15 years of service, in 1959.

1902–Tom Blake, the inventor of the surfboard, is born Thomas Edward Blake in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

1909–The town of Brinkley, Arkansas, is struck by a tornado that kills 49 people and causes $600,000 in damage. The tornado, which is two-thirds of a mile in width, destroys 860 buildings. Entire families are killed, as houses were completely swept away by the tornado.

1910–French aviatrix, Raymonde de Laroche, becomes the first woman to receive a pilot's license.

1910–Actress, Claire Trevor, is born Claire Wemlinger in Brooklyn, New York. Trevor was nicknamed the "Queen of Film Noir," because of her many appearances in "bad girl" roles in film noir and other black-and-white thrillers. She appeared in the films Dante’s Inferno, Dead End, Stage Coach, Texas, Honky Tonk, Crossroads, Murder, My Sweet, Crack-Up, The Babe Ruth Story, Key Largo, The High and the Mighty, Marjorie Morningstar, Two Weeks in Another Town, The Stripper, How to Murder Your Wife, and Kiss Me Goodbye.

1911–International Women's Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women's Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.

1914–The first flights for the Royal Thai Air Force take place at Don Mueang International Airport in Bangkok.

1916–John W. Seybold, economist and computer typesetting pioneer, is born. His firm ROCAPPI (Research on Computer Applications in the Printing and Publishing Industries), founded in 1963, was a pioneer in developing computer-based typesetting systems.

1917–The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.

1917–International Women's Day protests take place in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

1917–Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Dutch Count and air pioneer, dies in Berlin, Germany, at age 78. He founded the Zeppelin Airship Company.

1918–The first case of Spanish flu occurs, starting a devastating worldwide pandemic.

1920–Denmark and Cuba join the League of Nations.

1920–The Arab Kingdom of Syria, the first modern Arab state to come into existence, is established.

1921–Spanish Prime Minister Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid, Spain.

1921–Actor, Alan Hale, Jr., is born Alan Hale MacKahan in Los Angeles, California. Hale is well-known for the role of ‘Skipper’ on the TV sitcom, Gilligan’s Island. He appeared in the films It Happens Every Spring, The West Point Story, Battle Hymn, The Crawling Hand, Advance to the Rear, and Johnny Dangerously. He is the son of character actor, Rufus Edward McKahan, who used the stage name of Alan Hale, Sr.

1922–Ralph Henry Baer, creator of the first video game console, is born in Rodalben, Palatinate, Germany. He was known as "The Father of Video Games" due to his many contributions to the video game industry in the latter half of the 20th century.

1922–Dancer-actress, Cyd Charisse, is born Tula Ellice Finklea in Amarillo, Texas. She appeared in the films Ziegfeld Follies, The Harvey Girls, Till the Clouds Roll By, The Kissing Bandit, Words and Music, East Side West Side, Singin’ in the Rain, The Band Wagon, Brigadoon, It’s Always Fair Weather, Meet Me in Las Vegas, Silk Stockings, Party Girl, Two Weeks in Another Town, and The Silencers. She was married to singer, Tony Martin.

1923–Coca-Cola in a six-bottle carton is introduced.

1923–A poll in Women’s Weekly magazine says that American men are favored as the second choice of French women.

1924–A coal mining disaster kills 172 miners near Castle Gate, Utah.

1927–Pan American Airlines incorporates.

1930–Mahatma Gandhi starts civil disobedience in India.

1930–William Howard Taft, 27th U.S. President (1909-1913), dies of cardiovascular disease in Washington, D.C., at age 72.

1936–The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.

1936–Actress, Sue Ane Langdon, is born Sue Lookhoff in Paterson, New Jersey. She appeared in the films The Great Imposter, The New Interns, Roustabout, When the Boys Meet the Girls, Frankie and Johnny, Hold On!, A Fine Madness, The Cheyenne Social Club, Zapped!, and UHF.

1937–The Battle of Guadalajara begins in the Spanish Civil War.

1940–Actress, Susan Clark, is born Nora Golding in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. She appeared in the films Madigan, Coogan’s Bluff, Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here, Zaldez Is Coming, Skin Game, The Midnight Man, Airport 1975, Night Moves, The Apple Dumpling Gang, Promises in the Dark, and Porky’s. She was married to football player and actor, Alex Karras.

1941–Sherwood Anderson, seminal figure in modern American literature, dies of peritonitis in Colón, Panama, at age 64. An autopsy revealed he had accidentally swallowed a toothpick, which had damaged his internal organs and resulted in infection and then peritonitis. He was thought to have swallowed the toothpick in the course of eating the olive of a martini or hors d'oeuvres. He was influential in the careers of both Ernest Hemingway and William Faulkner.

1942–Imperial Japanese Army forces give an ultimatum to unconditionally surrender to Dutch East Indies Governor, General Jonkheer Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, and KNIL Commander in Chief, Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten.

1942–Imperial Japanese Army forces captured Rangoon, Burma, from the British.

1943–Limited gambling is legalized in Mexico.

1943–Actress, Lynn Redgrave, is born in Marylebone, London, England. She appeared in the films Tom Jones, Girl with Green Eyes, Georgy Girl, The Deadly Affair, Smashing Time, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask), The National Health, The Happy Hooker, The Big Bus, Sunday Lovers, Morgan Stewart’s Coming Home, Shine, Gods and Monsters, The Next Best Thing, Kinsey, and The Jane Austin Book Club. A member of the Redgrave family, her father was Sir Michael Redgrave and her sister is Vanessa Redgrave. Natasha Richardson and Joely Richardson are her nieces.

1944–The U.S. resumes the bombing of Berlin, Germany.

1945–Nazi occupiers execute 53 Amsterdam civilians.

1945–Singer-actor, Micky Dolenz, is born George Michael Dolenz, Jr. in Los Angeles, California. As a child actor, he played Corky in the TV series Circus Boy. Later, he became a pop superstar as a member of The Monkees. Dolenz wrote a few of the band’s self-penned songs, as well as providing the lead vocals for such hits as Last Train to Clarksville, For Pete’s Sake, and I'm a Believer. Micky purchased one of the first 25 Moog synthesizers, the third Moog Synthesizer ever commercially sold. His performance on The Monkees song Daily Nightly (written by Michael Nesmith) from the LP Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd., was one of the first uses of a synthesizer on a rock recording. In 2010, Dolenz released his first album in over 15 years entitled King for a Day; the album is a 14-track tribute to legendary songwriter Carole King. He was married to model Samantha Juste and their daughter is actress, Ami Dolenz.

1945–Pianist, Keith Jarrett, is born in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Jarrett started his career with Art Blakey, moving on to play with Charles Lloyd and Miles Davis. Since the early 1970s, Jarrett's success as a jazz musician has enabled him to maintain a parallel career as a classical composer and pianist, recording almost exclusively for ECM Records.

1945–German painter and sculptor, Anselm Kiefer, is born in Donaueschingen, Germany. His works are distinctive for their confrontation of his culture's dark history, as well as the incorporation of such materials as ash, clay, lead, straw, and shellac. Signatures and names of historic figures and places are also found in his work, linking his style with New Symbolism.

1946–Randy (Herman) Meisner, a member of both Poco and The Eagles, is born in Scottsbluff, Nebraska.

1947–Thirteen thousand troops of the Republic of China Army arrive in Taiwan, launching crackdowthatich kill thousands of people, including many elites. This turns into a major root of the Taiwan independence movement.

1947–Michael (Rand) Allsup, lead guitarist for Three Dog Night, is born in Modesto, California.

1947–Songwriter, Carole Bayer Sager, is born in New York, New York. She had already written her first pop hit, A Groovy Kind of Love, with Toni Wine, while still a student at the New York City High School of Music and Art. It was recorded by the British invasion band Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, whose version was a worldwide hit, reaching #2 on the Billboard Hot 100. Her songs include You and Me, Until the Next Time, Nobody Does It Better, I’d Rather Leave While I’m in Love, and That’s What Friends Are For. She was married to record producer, Andrew Sager, and composer Burt Bacharach.

1948–Ralph Ellis, rhythm guitarist for The Swinging Blue Jeans, is born in Liverpool, England.

1948–Little Peggy March, is born Margaret Battavio in Lansdale, Pennsylvania. She had a big hit with I Will Follow Him.

1949–Mildred Gillars ("Axis Sally") is condemned to prison for treason.

1949–President Vincent Auriol of France and ex-emperor of Annam Bao Dai sign the Élysée Accords, giving Vietnam greater independence from France and creating the State of Vietnam to oppose Viet Minh-led Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

1950–The Soviet Union announces it is in possession of the atomic bomb.

1957–The Georgia Memorial to Congress, which petitions the U.S. Congress to declare the ratification of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution null and void, is adopted by the state of Georgia.

1957–Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.

1957–The USSR conducts an atmospheric nuclear test.

1957–Ghana joins the United Nations.

1958–Nobel-Prize winning author, William Faulkner, warns the American public in a speech at Princeton University that American schools are fast becoming "baby-sitting organizations."

1958–New wave vocalist, Gary Numan, is born Gary Anthony James Webb in Hammersmith, West London, England. Numan, whose signature sound consists of heavy synthesizer hooks fed through guitar effects pedals, is considered a pioneer of commercial New Wave and electronic music. His biggest hit was Cars in 1979.

1959–The Marx Brothers, Groucho, Chico and Harpo, make their final TV appearance together.

1959–Actor, Aidan Quinn, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He has appeared in the films Reckless, Desperately Seeking Susan, Stakeout, The Handmaid’s Tale, The Lemon Sisters, Avalon, At Play in the Fields of the Lord, The Playboys, Benny & Joon, Legends of the Fall, The Stars Fell on Henrietta, Practical Magic Music of the Heart, and Two of Us.

1961–Composer and conducter, Sir Thomas Beecham, dies of a coronary thrombosis at his flat in London, England, at age 81. He co-founded The London Philharmonic and The Royal Philharmonic.

1962–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1963–The Ba'ath Party comes to power in Syria, in a coup d'état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.

1963–R&B group, The Four Tops, signs with the Motown label. Their hits include Baby I Need Your Lovin', I Can’t Help Myself, Reach Out I’ll Be There, Standing in the Shadows of Love, and Bernadette.

1964–Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam.

1964–Singer, Cheryl James, “Salt” of Salt-N-Pepa, is born in Brooklyn, New York.

1965–Thirty-five hundred U.S. Marines are the first American land combat forces committed during the Vietnam War.

1965–The DPR/MPR building in Jakarta, Indonesia, formally opens.

1966–Nelson's Pillar, in Dublin, Ireland, is destroyed by a bomb.

1966–Casey Stengel is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1968–Bill Graham, owner of San Francisco's legendary rock ballroom, The Fillmore, opens the Fillmore East in the abandoned Village Theater on Second Avenue and Sixth Street in New York City. The opening night bill features Albert King, Tim Buckley, and Big Brother & the Holding Company.

1971–Radio Hanoi plays Jimi Hendrix's psychedelic interpretation of The Star-Spangled Banner to the troops in Vietnam, after receiving the tape from activist, Abbie Hoffman.

1971–Joe Frazier defeats Muhammad Ali in 15 rounds, retaining his Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1971–Actor, Harold Lloyd, dies of prostate cancer in Beverly Hills, California, at age 77. Lloyd ranks alongside Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton as one of the most popular and influential film comedians of the silent film era. He made nearly 200 comedy films, both silent and "talkies," between 1914 and 1947.

1972–The Goodyear blimp makes its first flight.

1973–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1973–Grateful Dead keyboardist and founding member, Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, dies of a stomach hemorrhage in Madera, California, at age 27. While the rest of the band was experimenting with hallucinogens, Pigpen was drinking a bottle of whiskey each day, the effects of which contributed to his death.

1974–The Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.

1975–Film director, George Stevens, dies of a heart attack in Lancaster, California, at age 70. His films include Gunga Din, Penny Serenade, Woman of the Year, The Talk of the Town, I Remember Mama, A Place in the Sun, Shane, Giant, The Diary of Anne Frank, The Greatest Story Ever Told, and The Only Game in Town.

1976–The largest, observed stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China.

1976–Freddie (James) Prinze, Jr. is born in Los Angeles, California. He is the son of actor-comedian, Freddie Prinze. He is married to actress, Sarah Michelle Gellar.

1978–The first radio episode of “The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy,” by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4.

1979–The Audio Compact Disc (CD) prototype is demonstrated for the first time by Philips.

1979–In one of the first public acknowledgments of the hard times beginning to hit the record industry, Rolling Stone magazine reports that due to the “skyrocketing costs of producing, promoting and supporting a new album, now put at between $350,000 and $500,000, labels will start limiting their new releases.”

1980–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1982–Elton John’s tribute to John Lennon, Empty Garden (Hey Hey Johnny), is released.

1983–IBM releases the PC DOS version 2.0 for the personal computer.

1983–President Ronald Reagan calls the USSR an “Evil Empire.”

1985–A supposed failed assassination attempt on Islamic cleric, Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, in Beirut, Lebanon, kills at least 45 people and injures 175 others.

1987–John Lennon is posthumously inducted into the Songwriter’s Hall of Fame.

1991–Actor, Harry Hamlin, marries actress, Nicollette Sheridan.

1992–Christian K. Nelson, inventor of the Eskimo Pie, dies at age 98.

1993–Singer-bandleader, Billy Eckstine, dies of a stroke in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at age 78. Among the musicians who played in his band were Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Miles Davis.

1996–Beatles fans in the U.K. are outraged when BBC Radio 1 refuses to include the new Beatles single, Real Love, on its playlist. The program, which is trying to attract a young audience, feels that the song is "...not what our listeners want to hear." They also claims that the song "lacked merit." Radio 1 remains adamant, impervious to the accusations that they are being "ageist."

1997–Film producer, Alexander Salkind, dies in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, at age 75. His films include The Three Musketeers, The Four Musketeers, Superman: The Movie, Superman II, Superman III, Supergirl, and Santa Claus: The Movie.

1999–Actress-comedienne, Peggy Cass, dies of heart failure in New York, New York, at age 74. She appeared in the films The Marrying Kind, Auntie Mame, Gidget Goes Hawaiian, If It’s Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium, Age of Consent, and Paddy.

1999–Baseball player, Joe DiMaggio, dies in Hollywood, Florida, at age 84. He was an American Major League Baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career for the New York Yankees. He is known for his 56-game hitting streak (May 15-July 16, 1941), a record that still stands. He was married to actress, Marilyn Monroe. After her death, e refused to talk about her publicly or otherwise exploit their relationship. He never married again. When he died, his last words were "I'll finally get to see Marilyn."

1999–William Wrigley III dies of pneumonia in Chicago, Illinois, at age 66. He was President of the Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, founded by his grandfather William Wrigley, Jr. The Company has maintained its position as the world's largest manufacturer of chewing gum.

2003–British singer-actor, Adam Faith, dies of a heart attack in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England, at age 62. Faith became one of Britain's significant early pop stars. What Do You Want? was the first number one hit for Parlophone, with Faith being the only pop act on the label. He appeared in the films Never Let Go, Wild for Kicks, What a Whopper, Mix Me a Person, Stardust, Yesterday’s Hero, Foxes, and McVicar.

2004–A new constitution is signed by Iraq's Governing Council.

2004–Actor, Robert Pastorelli, dies of a heroin overdose in Hollywood Hills, California, at age 50. He is best known for the role of painter, Eldin Bernecky, on the TV series Murphy Brown. He appeared in the films Outrageous Fortune, Beverly Hills Cop II, Memories of Me, Dances with Wolves, Harmful Intent, and Michael.

2012–Toyota recalls 700,000 vehicles due to safety concerns.

2013–North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea.

2014–Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 disappears over the Gulf of Thailand en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur. The aircraft is believed to have crashed into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Australia, killing all 239 people on board. The search for the lost plane goes on for weeks.

2015–NASA scientists determine that Mars once possessed a vast ocean. A recent study of the Red Planet using the world's most powerful infrared telescopes clearly indicates a planet that sustained a body of water larger than the Earth's Arctic Ocean. Mars has lost 87% of its water to space. Water would have covered 20% of the its globe about three billion years ago.

2016–Former Rolling Stones bassist, Bill Wyman, is diagnosed with prostate cancer.

2016–Record producer, Sir George Martin, dies in his sleep at his home in Wiltshire, England, at age 90. As producer for The Beatles from their first recording to their last, he has been referred to as the "Fifth Beatle." His career spanned more than six decades of work in music, film, television, and live performance. Martin had 30 #1 hit singles in the United Kingdom and 23 #1 hits in the United States.

2017–The gigantic limestone natural arch, Azure Window, in Gozo, Malta, collapses after a severe storm.

2017–Radio Shack files for Chapter 11 protection from creditors for the second time in two years.

2017–A fire breaks out at an orphanage in San José Pinula, Guatemala, killing at least 19 children.

2017–Moroccoan lawmaker, Abdellatif Midras, is shot dead in Casablanca.

2017-On International Women’s Day, the “Day Without a Woman” general strike is held in the United States.

2017–U.S. Congress passes a bill that mandates NASA send humans to Mars by 2033.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Pope Celestine II; a sheep; Jean Jacques Regis de Cambaceres; a roller coaster; Frederick William Goudy; the IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC); Claire Trevor; Ferdinand von Zeppelin; Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse in An American in Paris; an ad for cartons of Coca-Cola; Lynn Redgrave; Micky Dolenz; Michael Allsop; Gary Numan; The Four Tops; the marquee at the Fillmore East; the Goodyear Blimp; a CD; Empty Garden (Hey Hey Johnny) by Elton John; Joe DiMaggio; Adam Faith; and Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

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