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1867–John Gutzon Borglum, overseer and sculptor of Mt. Rushmore, is born in St. Charles, Idaho Territory. His first attempt with the face of Thomas Jefferson was blown up after two years. Dynamite was also used to remove large areas of rock from under Washington's brow. The initial pair of presidents, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, was soon joined by Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. Borglum alternated exhausting on-site supervising with world tours, raising money, sculpting a Thomas Paine memorial for Paris, France, and a Woodrow Wilson memorial for Poland. In his absence, work at Mount Rushmore was overseen by his son, Lincoln Borglum. He died before the project was completed: his son finished another season at Rushmore, but left the monument largely in the state of completion it had reached under his father's direction.



1–Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word.

31–This was the first Easter, according to calendar-maker, Dionysius Exiguus.

421–The city of Venice, Italy, is founded.

708–Pope Constantine succeeds Pope Sisinnius.

717–Theodosios III resigns the throne of the Byzantine Empire to enter the clergy.

1199–Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting in France, leading to his death on April 6th.

1223–Afonso II of Portugal, dies in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal, at age 37.

1252–Conradin, son of Conrad IV of Germany, is born in Wolfstein Castle near Landshut, Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire. He was the Duke of Swabia (1254-1268 as Conrad IV), King of Jerusalem (1254-1268 as Conrad III), and King of Sicily (1254-1258, de jure until 1268, as Conrad II).

1259–Byzantine Emperor, Andronikos II Palaiologos, is born in Nicaea, Byzantine Empire.

1297–Byzantine Emperor, Andronikos III Palaiologos, is born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire. He was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was proclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321, he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor on February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on May 24, 1328.

1306–Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland.

1479–Vasili III of Russia, is born in Moscow, Grand Duchy of Moscow.

1555–The city of Valencia is founded in (present-day) Venezuela.

1584–Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America.

1634–Lord Baltimore founds the Catholic colony of Maryland.

1655–Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christiaan Huygens.

1655–Protestants take control of Maryland at the Battle of the Severn.

1669–Sicily’s Mount Etna erupts, destroying Nicolosi, and killing 20,000 people.

1751–Frederick I of Sweden, dies in Stockholm, Sweden, at age 74.

1775–George Washington plants pecan trees (some of which still survive) at his home in Mount Vernon. The trees are a gift from Thomas Jefferson.

1797–American clergyman, John Winebrenner, is born in Glade Valley, Maryland. He founded the Church of God.

1802–The Treaty of Amiens is signed as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace" between France and the United Kingdom.

1807–The Slave Trade Act becomes law, abolishing slavery in the British Empire.

1807–England’s Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, becomes the first passenger-carrying railway in the world.

1811–Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from Oxford for refusing to admit writing “The Necessity of Atheism.”

1823–William Blake enters into an agreement to engrave the “Inventions to the Book of Job,” for which he is paid £5 per plate.

1851–Yosemite Valley is discovered in California.

1857–French chef and restaurateur, Daniel Boulud, is born in Saint-Pierre de Chandieu, France. Boulud has restaurants in New York City, Las Vegas, Palm Beach, Miami, Montreal, Toronto, London, and Singapore. He is best known for Daniel, his 3-star Michelin Guide restaurant in New York City. Boulud was included in the top 15 chefs in the world, as voted by world renowned chefs in a Vanity Fair poll.

1857–Entrepreneur, William Colgate, dies in New York, New York, at age 74. He founded the Colgate-Palmolive Company. It wasn’t until 13 years after Colgate’s death, that the company began selling toothpaste.

1865–The “Claywater Meteorite” explodes just before reaching ground level in Vernon County, Wisconsin.

1867–John Gutzon Borglum, overseer and sculptor of Mt. Rushmore, is born in St. Charles, Idaho Territory. His first attempt with the face of Thomas Jefferson was blown up after two years. Dynamite was also used to remove large areas of rock from under Washington's brow. The initial pair of presidents, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, was soon joined by Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. Borglum alternated exhausting on-site supervising with world tours, raising money, sculpting a Thomas Paine memorial for Paris, France, and a Woodrow Wilson memorial for Poland. In his absence, work at Mount Rushmore was overseen by his son, Lincoln Borglum. He died before the project was completed: his son finished another season at Rushmore, but left the monument largely in the state of completion it had reached under his father's direction.

1867–Symphony conductor, Arturo Toscanini, is born in Parma, Italy. He was at various times the music director of La Scala Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Later in his career he was appointed the first music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937-1954), and this led to his becoming a household name through radio and television broadcasts and recordings.

1881–Composer, Béla Bartok, is born in Nagyszentmiklós, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (since 1920 Sânnicolau Mare, Romania). He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century, and he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers.

1882–The first demonstration of how to make pancakes takes place in a department store in New York City.

1892–Actor, Andy Clyde, is born Andrew Allan Clyde in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, Scotland. He is best known for the roles of farmer Cully Wilson in the TV series Lassie, and the neighbor George MacMichael on the sitcom The Real McCoys. He appeared in the films In Old Colorado, Twilight on the Trail, Forty Thieves, Fool’s Gold, and Gunslingers.

1894–Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C. The marchers were a band of unemployed workers.

1896–Modern day Olympics begin in Athens, Greece.

1898–Super-centenarian, Marcelle Narbonne, is born in Isserville, French Algeria. She will live to the age of 113 (and 282 days).

1901–Actor, Ed Begley, is born Edward James Begley in Hartford, Connecticut. He appeared in the films Sorry, Wrong Number, The Great Gatsby, It Happens Every Spring, Tulsa, Patterns, 12 Angry Men, Sweet Bird of Youth, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Inherit the Wind, The Oscar, Hang ‘Em High, Wild in the Streets, and The Dunwich Horror. His son is actor, Ed Begley, Jr.

1905–Confederate battle flags that were captured during the Civil War are returned to the South.

1905–Actor, Maurice Barrymore, patriarch of the Barrymore family, dies in his sleep of syphilis in Amityville, New York, at age 55. His children were Lionel, Ethel, and John Barrymore; his grandson was John Drew Barrymore; and his great-grandaughter is actress, Drew Barrymore.

1906–Bluesman, Curley (James) Weaver, known as the “Georgia guitar wizard,” is born in Covington, Georgia.

1908–Film director, David Lean, is born in Croydon, Surrey, England. Acclaimed by directors such as Steven Spielberg and Stanley Kubrick, Lean was voted 9th greatest film director of all time in the British Film Institute Sight & Sound "Directors' Top Directors" poll in 2002. His films include This Happy Breed, Blithe Spirit, Brief Encounter, Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, Hobson’s Choice, Summertime, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago, Ryan’s Daughter, and A Passage to India.

1911–L.D. Swamikannu publishes the Manual of Indian Chronology in Bombay, India.

1911–The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers in New York City.

1911–Jack Ruby is born Jacob Leon Rubenstein in Chicago, Illinois. He was a nightclub operator in Dallas, Texas. On November 24, 1963, Ruby fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald, who was in police custody after being charged with the murder of John F. Kennedy two days earlier.

1913–The home of Vaudeville, The Palace Theatre, opens in New York City.

1918–The Belarusian People's Republic is established.

1918–Sportcaster, Howard Cosell, is born Howard William Cohen in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. In 1970, ABC-TV hired Cosell to be a commentator for Monday Night Football, the first time in 15 years that American football was broadcast weekly in prime time. Cosell was accompanied most of the time by ex-football players, Frank Gifford and Don Meredith. On the night of December 8, 1980, during a Monday Night Football game between the Miami Dolphins and the New England Patriots, Cosell stunned the television audience by announcing live the murder of John Lennon, while performing his regular commentating duties. Lennon once appeared on Monday Night Football, during the December 9, 1974, telecast and was interviewed by Cosell for a short breakaway segment. In 1993, TV Guide named Howard Cosell “The All-Time Best Sportscaster” in its issue celebrating 40 years of television.

1918–Composer, Claude Debussy, dies of rectal cancer in Paris, France, at age 55. His death occurred in the midst of the aerial and artillery bombardment of Paris during the German Spring Offensive of World War I. The funeral procession made its way through deserted streets to Père Lachaise Cemetery as the German guns bombarded the city. He was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music. His most famous composition is Clair de Lune.

1921–Actress, Simone Signoret, is born Simone Henriette Charlotte Kaminker in Weisbaden, Germany. She appeared in the films Back Streets of Paris, Against the Wind, La Ronde, Death in the Garden, The Crucible, Room at the top, Term of Trial, Sweet and Sour, Ship of Fools, Is Paris Burning?, The Deadly Affair, Games, The Seagull, and Madame Rose. She was married to actor, Yves Montand.

1921–Alexandra of of Greece and Denmark is born in Athens, Greece. She was Queen of Yugoslavia as the wife of the last King of Yugoslavia, Peter II, and mother of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia.

1921–Actress, Nancy Kelly, is born in Lowell, Massachusetts. She appeared in the films Jesse James, Stanley and Livingston, Women in Bondage, Show Business, and The Bad Seed. She was married to actor, Edmond O’Brian.

1922–Eileen Ford, head of the Ford Modeling Agency, is born Eileen Cecile Otte in New York, New York. The agency broke forth with some of the tops models of the 1950s and 1960s, including Suzy Parker, Mary Jane Russell, Carmen Dell'Orefice, and Dovima. In the early 1970s, Ford was still the top modeling agency in the world, representing Jerry Hall, Christie Brinkley, Rene Russo, Kim Basinger, Janice Dickinson, Lauren Hutton, Karen Graham, and Susan Blakely.

1924–On the anniversary of Greek Independence, Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaims the Second Hellenic Republic.

1925–Voice actor, Elmer “Len” Dresslar, Jr., is born in St. Francis, Kansas. He is best known as the voice of the "Jolly Green Giant" in TV commercials.

1925–Writer, (Mary) Flannery O'Connor, is born in Savannah, Georgia. She was a Southern writer who often wrote in a Southern Gothic style and relied heavily on regional settings and grotesque characters. She wrote two novels (Wise Blood and The Violent Bear It Away) and 32 short stories.

1926–Journalist and critic, Gene Shalit, is born Eugene Shalit in New York, New York. He served as a book and film critic on NBC's The Today Show from January 15, 1973, until his retirement on November 11, 2010.

1928–Astronaut, James A. Lovell, Jr., is born in Cleveland, Ohio. He was the commander of the Apollo 13 mission, which suffered a critical failure en route to the Moon, but was brought back safely to Earth by the efforts of the crew and mission control. Lovell was also the command module pilot of Apollo 8, the first Apollo mission to enter lunar orbit. Lovell is a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He is one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon.

1931–The Scottsboro Boys (nine black teenagers)are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. The cases included a lynch mob before the suspects had been indicted, a frameup, all-white juries, rushed trials, and disruptive mobs. It is frequently cited as an example of an overall miscarriage of justice in the United States legal system.

1934–Rocker guitarist, Johnny Burnette, is born John Joseph Burnette in Memphis, Tennessee. Along with his older brother, Dorsey Burnette, and friend Paul Burlison, Burnette was a founding member of The Rock and Roll Trio. On arriving in Los Angeles, the three sat on the steps of Ricky Nelson's home until they could get a meeting with him. Nelson was impressed, and wound up recording many of their songs including Believe What You Say, It's Late, Waitin' In School, and Just a Little Too Much. Burnette went solo and his fourth Liberty single, You're Sixteen, reached #8 on America’s Hot 100 and #3 in Britain. His son is rockabilly singer, Rocky Burnette.

1934–Women’s activist, Gloria Steinem, is born in Toledo, Ohio. Her childhood was spent traveling with her parents in trailers, so she didn't attend school regularly until she was 12 years old. In 1971, she helped found the National Women's Political Caucus, and published the first issue of Ms. magazine.

1937–It's revealed that Quaker Oats pays baseball player, Babe Ruth, $25,000 per year to appear in ads for the company.

1937–The Washington Daily News becomes the first U.S. newspaper with a perfumed advertising page.

1937–Tom Monaghan, founder of Domino's Pizza, is born in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

1938–Singer-songwriter, Hoyt (Wayne) Axton, is born in Duncan, Oklahoma. Among the songs he wrote are Greenback Dollar, The Pusher, and Joy to the World. He appeared in the films The Black Stallion, Heart Like a Wheel, Gremlins, We’re No Angels, Liar’s Moon, and Endangered Species. His mother, Mae Boren Axton, wrote Elvis Presley’s hit Heartbreak Hotel.

1939–Billboard magazine introduces the Hillbilly (Country) music chart.

1940–Miss America, Anita (Jane) Bryant, is born in Barnsdall, Oklahoma. Bryant became Miss Oklahoma in 1958, and was a second runner-up in the 1959 Miss America beauty pageant at age 19. She scored four Top 40 hits in the 1950s and 1960s, including Paper Roses, which reached #5.

1941–The Kingdom of Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers with the signing of the Tripartite Pact.

1942–Soul singer, Aretha (Louise) Franklin, is born in Memphis, Tennessee. Known as the “Queen of Soul,” her hits include I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You), Respect, Baby I Love You, (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman, Chain of Fools, Ain’t No Way, Think, I Say Little Prayer, Until You Come Back to Me, and Freeway of Love.

1943–Actor, Paul Michael Glaser, is born Paul Manfred Glaser in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He is best known for the role of Detective David Starsky on the 1970s TV series Starsky and Hutch. He appeared in the films Fiddler on the Roof, Butterflies Are Free, The Great Houdini, Princess Daisy, The Running Man, The Air Up there, Something’s Gotta Give, and Starsky & Hutch.

1947–A coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois, kills 111 people.

1947–Pop-rocker, Elton John, is born Reginald Kenneth Dwight in Pinner, Middlesex, England. He is a singer, songwriter, composer, pianist, and record producer. He has worked with lyricist, Bernie Taupin, as his songwriter partner since 1967, and they have collaborated on more than 30 albums. At the height of his success in the mid-1970s, he was known equally for his outlandish stage costumes and flamboyant concerts as he was for his music. He has sold more than 300 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists in the world. His hits include Border Song, Your Song, Tiny Dancer, Rocket Man, Crocodile Rock, Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, Candle in the Wind, Bennie and The Jets, Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me, Little Jeannie, Empty Garden (Hey Hey Johnny), I Guess That’s Why They Call It the Blues, and I’m Still Standing. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II on February 24, 1998.

1948–For the second time in less than a week, airplanes are destroyed by a tornado at Tinker Air Force Base near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. A March 20th tornado had destroyed 50 planes, causing more than $10 million in damage, and this day’s tornado destroyed another 35 planes, worth $6 million.

1948–Actress, Bonnie Bedelia, is born Bonnie Bedelia Culkin in New York, New York. She appeared in the films Then Came Bronson, The Gypsy Moths, They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?, Lovers and Other Strangers, Heart Like a Wheel, Violets Are Blue, The Boy Who Could Fly, Die Hard, Fat Man and Little Boy, Presumed Innocent, and Needful Things. Macaulay, Kieran, and Rory Culkin are her nephews.

1949–The extensive deportation campaign known as “March deportation” is conducted in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union.

1954–Radio Corporation of America (RCA) begins commercial production of TV sets that are equipped to receive programs in “living color.” These console-type sets were huge and cost buyers $1,000 or more.

1954–The 26th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: From Here to Eternity; Best Actor: William Holden for Stalag 17; Best Actress: Audrey Hepburn for Roman Holiday; Best Director: Fred Zinnemann for From Here to Eternity. The ceremonies are held at RKO Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, California, and NBC Century Theatre, New York City. The hosts are Donald O’Connor (in Hollywood) and Fredric March (in New York).

1955–Chef, Daniel Boulud, is born in Saint-Pierre de Chandieu, France. His best known restaurant is Daniel in New York City, which is named one of the top 10 restaurants in the world. His other accomplishments include: Best Chef in New York City, Outstanding Chef of the Year, Outstanding Restaurateur, the Culinary Humanitarian Award, and membership in the Culinary Hall of Fame.

1956–At the conclusion of Alan Freed's three-day Rock 'n' Roll Show at the Stage Theater in Hartford, Connecticut, the police arrest 11 teenagers and take the theater's license to operate. This prompts Hartford Institute of Living psychiatrist, Dr. Francis J. Braceland, to testify at license hearings that rock & roll is "a communicable disease with music appealing to adolescent insecurity and driving teenagers to do outlandish things. It's cannibalistic and tribalistic."

1957–The European Economic Community is established with West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg as the first members.

1957–U.S. Customs Department officials confiscate 520 copies of Allen Ginsberg's “Howl” on obscenity grounds as they enter the U.S. The poem will then be published by City Lights publishers in San Francisco, California, leading to the arrest of book store owner, Lawrence Ferlinghetti.

1961–Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit.

1961–Elvis Presley performs his last live show for eight years at Block Arena in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The show is a benefit and $62,000 is raised for the U.S.S. Arizona memorial fund.

1963–On a rare day off from recording and performing, The Beatles spend the day with photographer Dezo Hoffman, who shoots both still photos and some 8mm movie footage of The Beatles at a variety of locations around Liverpool. From this day come the famous “bombsite” photos used on the cover of the Twist and Shout EP. Hoffman’s photos are used for the first set of black and white bubble gum cards that will be later released for the group’s American fans.

1965–Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King, Jr. successfully complete their four-day, 50-mile march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.

1965–Actress, Sarah Jessica Parker, is born in Nelsonville, Ohio. She is known for the leading role of Carrie Bradshaw on the HBO TV series Sex and the City (1998-2004). She has appeared in the films Footloose, Firstborn, Girls Just Want to Have Fun, L.A. Story, Honeymoon in Vegas, Hocus Pocus, Ed Wood, Mars Attacks!, The First Wives Club, Extreme Measures, The Family Stone, Failure to Launch, and Did You Hear About the Morgans? She is married to actor, Matthew Broderick.

1966–The Beatles pose for photos for the cover of the American LP Yesterday and Today, taken by photographer Robert Whitaker. The Beatles wear butcher's smocks and are surrounded with dismembered baby dolls and pieces of raw meat. One of these photos is used for the infamous "butcher" album cover that is banned and recalled by horrified Capitol Records executives.

1966–Frank Ferrer, of Guns and Roses, is born in Brooklyn, New York.

1966–Jeff Healey, of The Jeff Healey Band, is born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He was a blind jazz and blues-rock vocalist and guitarist who attained popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. He was adopted as an infant and when he was almost one year old, Healey lost his sight to retinoblastoma, a rare cancer of the eyes. Healey began playing guitar when he was three, developing his unique style of playing the instrument flat on his lap. He appeared in the Patrick Swayze film, Road House, with his band playing behind a chain link fence in the rough bar featured in the movie.

1967–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1967–A chart topper: Happy Together by The Turtles.

1968–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1969–John Lennon and Yoko Ono spend their honeymoon staging a week-long Bed-In For Peace in Room 902 of the Amsterdam Hilton. For a week, John and Yoko give a massive amount of interviews that are reported worldwide by newspapers, radio, television, and newsreels. The Lennon’s ignore the hostility, incredulity, and guffaws with which much of the world responds to their peace campaign. Yet, the media plays right into their hands, spreading the peace message even when that isn't their intent. John and Yoko become clearly defined as champions of peace and humanitarianism. Much of the week-long event is filmed. Years later, John seemed to delight in telling how the reporters were so keen to get into their hotel room, since they thought that he and Yoko would be having sex in bed in front of them. After Two Virgins, who knew what the couple might do?

1970–The Concorde makes its first supersonic flight.

1970–Actress, Kari Matchett, is born in Spalding, Saskatchewan, Canada. She has appeared in the TV shows 24, ER, Ugly Betty, Leverage, and Covert Affairs.

1971–The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandons an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos.

1971–New York's flagship radio station WNBC becomes the first to ban Brewer and Shipley's hit, One Toke Over the Line, due to alleged marijuana references.

1975–Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, King of Saudi-Arabia (1964-1975), is shot and killed by a mentally ill nephew in Saudi Arabia, at age 68.

1976–Phyllis Major, wife of singer, Jackson Browne, commits suicide with sleeping pills just months after their marriage.

1977–Film director and producer, Nunnally Johnson, die of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California, at age 79. His films include Jesse James, The Grapes of Wrath, Tobacco Road, Along Came Jones, The Dark Mirror, Phone Call from a Stranger, My Cousin Rachel, How to Marry a Millionaire, The Three Faces of Eve, Flaming Star, and The World of Henry Orient.

1979–The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida to be prepared for its first launch.

1981–Fashion designer, Daniel Vosovic, is born in Grand Rapids, Michigan. After high school, Vosovic attended the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City, receiving additional training in London, England. Following his initial appearance on Project Runway (he was a finalist on Season 2), he was the winner of the 2009 Project Runway: All-Star Challenge. Vosovic also launched his own fashion line in 2009.

1982–Racecar driver, Danica Patrick, is born in Beloit, Wisconsin. She is the most successful woman in the history of American open-wheel racing: her win in the 2008 Indy Japan 300 is the only women's victory in an IndyCar Series race, and her third place in the 2009 Indianapolis 500 is the highest finish ever by a woman.

1983–An all-star concert to celebrate the Motown’s 20th anniversary is taped at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in Pasadena, California. Performers include Stevie Wonder, The Four Tops, The Temptations, Smokey Robinson, The Commodores, Marvin Gaye, Martha Reeves, Jr. Walker, The Supremes, and The Jackson 5. Michael Jackson's solo performance of his new single, Billie Jean, complete with moonwalk, steals the show, turning him from a superstar to a megastar overnight.

1985–Edwin Meese III becomes U.S. Attorney General.

1985–The 57th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Amadeus; Best Actor: F. Murray Abraham for Amadeus; Best Actress: Sally Field for Places in the Heart; Best Director: Milos Forman for Amadeus; Best Foreign Film: Dangerous Moves (Switzerland). The ceremonies are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, California. The host is Jack Lemmon. This ceremony is best-remembered for perhaps the most quoted Academy Award acceptance speech ever given. Upon winning the Oscar for Best Actress for her performance in Places in the Heart, Sally Field exclaimed, “The first time I didn't feel it, but this time I feel it, and I can't deny the fact that you like me, right now, you like me!” (often misquoted as “you really like me!”)

1986–Actress, Gloria Blondell, dies of cancer in Santa Monica, California, at age 75. She is best known for the role of Honeybee Gillis on the TV sitcom The Life of Riley. She appeared in the films Accidents Will Happen, Don’t Bother to Knock, White Lightning, and The Twonky.

1988–The Candle demonstration, in Bratislava, is the first mass demonstration of the 1980s against the communist regime in Czechoslovakia.

1988–Dancer and choreographer, Robert Joffrey, dies of AIDS in New York, New York, at age 57. He co-founded the Joffrey Ballet.

1989–The recording studio at Chuck Berry's ranch in Wentzville, Missouri, is destroyed by a fire.

1990–An arson fire at an illegal social club called “Happy Land” in the Bronx, New York, kills 87 people.

1991–The 63rd Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Dances with Wolves; Best Actor: Jeremy Irons for Reversal of Fortune; Best Actress: Kathy Bates for Misery; Best Director: Kevin Costner for Dances with Wolves; Best Foreign Film: Journey of Hope (Switzerland). The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Billy Crystal. For this telecast, Billy Crystal won two Emmys, one for writing and the other for his hosting performance.

1992–Cosmonaut, Sergei Krikalev, returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.

1992–British scientists find a new “largest perfect number” (2 756839 -1 2 756839).

1992–Actress, Nancy Walker, dies of lung cancer in Studio City, California, at age 69. She is best known for the role of Ida Morgenstern on the TV sitcom Rhoda. She appeared in the films Best Foot Forward, Girl Crazy, Broadway Rhythm, Lucky Me, The World’s Greatest Athlete, 40 Carats, and Murder by Death.

1995–Ward Cunningham opens the first wiki, the WikiWikiWeb, to the public.

1995–Boxer, Mike Tyson, is released from jail after serving three years.

1995–Pearl Jam frontman, Eddie Vedder, is rescued after a riptide carries him 250 feet offshore while swimming in New Zealand.

1995–Pizza Hut introduces its Stuffed Crust Pizza.

1996–The EU's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of Mad Cow Disease.

1996–An 81-day-long standoff begins between the anti-government group Montana Freemen and law enforcement near Jordan, Montana.

1996–The U.S. issues a newly redesigned $100 bill.

1996–The 68th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Braveheart; Best Actor: Nicolas Cage for Leaving Las Vegas; Best Actress: Susan Sarandon for Dead Man Walking; Best Director: Mel Gibson for Braveheart; Best Foreign Film: Antonia (The Netherlands). The ceremonies are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, California. The host is Whoopi Goldberg.

1997–The CD, Life After Death, by rapper, Notorious B.I.G., is released 16 days after he is killed in a drive by shooting. The double CD is certified at 10 million copies and debuts at #1.

1997–The Australian Senate votes to overturn the Northern Territory's Rights of the Terminally Ill law, the world's only law allowing terminally ill patients to commit suicide with a doctor's help.

2001–The 73rd Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Gladiator; Best Actor: Russell Crowe for Gladiator; Best Actress: Julia Roberts for Erin Brockovich; Best Director: Steven Soderbergh for Traffic; Best Foreign Film: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Taiwan). The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Steve Martin. This is the last Academy Awards to take place at the Shrine Auditorium. Host, Steve Martin, received an Emmy Award for his performance.

2002–Joe Schermie, bass player for Three Dog Night, dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, at age 56.

2003–Actress-model, Liv Tyler, marries rock band vocalist, Royston Langdon, at a private villa in St. James, Barbados.

2005–Actress, Jennifer Aniston, files for divorce from actor, Brad Pitt, due to irreconcilable differences after four and a half years of marriage.

2005–TV film producer and writer, Paul Henning, dies in Burbank, California, at age 93. He is best known for the successful TV sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies, and played a part in the development of the other "rural" comedies for CBS-TV, Petticoat Junction and Green Acres. His daughter is actress, Linda Kaye Henning.

2006–Protesters demanding a new election in Belarus, following the rigged Belarusian presidential election, clash with riot police. Opposition leader, Aleksander Kozulin, is among several protesters arrested.

2006–A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in the Capitol Hill neighborhood of Seattle, Washington.

2006–Country singer, Buck Owens, dies in his sleep of a heart attack in Bakersfield, California, at age 76. His hits include Act Naturally, Love’s Gonna Live Here Again, I’ve Got a Tiger by the Tail, Buckaroo, Cryin’ Time, Together Again, and Waitin’ in Your Welfare Line. In 1969, he starred in Hee Haw: the series, originally envisioned as country music's answer to Laugh-In, far outlived that show, running for 24 seasons.

2008–Producer and screenwriter, Abby Mann, dies of heart failure in Beverly Hills, California, at age 80. He created the TV series, Kojak, starring Telly Savalas. His films include Judgment at Nuremberg, A Child Is Waiting, Ship of Fools, The Detective, and Report to the Commissioner.

2008–Food scientist, Herb Peterson, creator of McDonald's Egg McMuffin breakfast sandwich, dies in Santa Barbara, California, at age 89.

2008–Gene Puerling, of the vocal group, The Hi-Lo's, dies due to complications from diabetes, at age 78.

2009–Musician, Dan Seals, of England Dan and John Ford Coley, dies of lymphoma in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 61. The duo had a huge hit with I’d Really Love to See You Tonight.

2015–TV weatherman, George Fischbeck, dies in Woodland Hills, California, at age 92. In 1972, he began work at KABC-TV in Los Angeles, California, where he became a staple on the station's Eyewitness News broadcasts. His unique, sometimes humorous, forecasts were unscripted and often turned into an opportunity to educate his viewers on the subject of weather. He would retire from KABC-TV in 1990.

2016–Russia announces it will deploy state-of-the-art missile defense systems to the far eastern Kuril Islands, where they and Japan have rival territorial claims dating to the end of World War II.

2016–At least 29 people are killed in a suicide attack on a football stadium south of Baghdad, Iraq.

2016–Louis Torres, sells his “beer can house” in Forth Worth, Texas. His small lot on the corner of Currie and Whitmore streets is decorated with thousands of beer cans. At one time there were close to 4,000 cans on the property. The cans are laced from the chain-link fence to the house to an outdoor "bar" and to other shrubs. Torres has lived in the house (which his parents gave him when they died) for nearly 60 years. He expects the house to be demolished.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Venice, Italy; Byzantine Emperor, Andronikos II Palaiologos; Titan, Saturn's largest moon; William Colgate; Arturo Toscanini; Ed Begley; David Lean; Simone Signoret; James A. Lovell, Jr.; Gloria Steinem; Hoyt Axton; Elton John; Bonnie Bedelia; David Boulud; Howl by Allen Ginsberg; Sara Jessica Parker; John Lennon and Yoko Ono at the Amsterdam Bed-In for Peace; One Toke Over the Line by Brewer and Shipley; Daniel Vosovic; a poster for Amadeus; a fire destroys the social club, “Happy Land,” in the Bronx, New York; Nancy Walker; a scene from Leaving Las Vegas; Joe Schermie; Buck Owens; and Dan Seals.

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