< Back 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Next >

1917–Peter Caddy, founder of the Findhorn Community, is born. During a period of unemployment from 1962 onwards, Caddy began experimenting with organic gardening to supplement his family's food supply. The garden near Findhorn, Scotland, flourished to such a remarkable extent that it eventually attracted national attention. Peter Caddy attributed its success to his spiritual practices, and a community began to form around his family and their friend, Dorothy Maclean. In 1979, Caddy left the Findhorn Ecovillage community.



BC 43–Roman poet, Ovid, is born Publius Ovidius Naso in present-day Sulmona, Italy. As a member of the Roman aristocracy, Ovid was expected to lead a career in politics, but he preferred poetry. He wrote the tragedy “Medea,” three volumes of poetry collectively called The Art of Love, and his epic poem “Metamorphoses.”

235–Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Emperor of Rome. He is the first foreigner to hold the title.

673–Emperor Tenmu of Japan, assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka.

1191–Pope Clement III dies in Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire, at age 62.

1206–Michael IV Autoreianos is appointed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.

1345–The planets Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are in conjunction in Aquarius. Some astrologers see this as an omen, later claiming it brought on the bubonic plague that killed a third of Europeans before it was over.

1413–King Henry IV, the first English monarch from the Lancastrian dynasty, dies from a series of health problems in the Jerusalem Chamber in the abbot's house of Westminster Abbey, London, England, at age 46. His eldest son, Henry, ascends to the throne.

1600–The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. This was the public execution by beheading of five Swedish nobles in the aftermath of the Battle of Stangebro (September 1598) and the deposition of Sigismund III Vasa as King of Sweden.

1616–Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years imprisonment.

1619–Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, dies in Vienna, Austria, at age 62.

1622–Ottoman Sultan, Osman II, dies from strangulation by a bowstring in Constantinople, Instanbul, at age 17. He ascended the throne at the early age of 14, as the result of a coup d'état against his uncle, Mustafa.

1725–Ottoman sultan, Abdul Hamid I, is born in Constantinople.

1726–Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, dies in his sleep in Kensington, Middlesex, England, at age 84. After his death, Newton's hair was examined and found to contain mercury, probably resulting from his alchemical pursuits. Mercury poisoning could explain Newton's eccentricity in late life.

1737–Thai King, Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, is born Thong Duang in Kingdom of Ayutthaya.

1760–The “Great Fire” of Boston, Massachusetts, destroys 349 buildings.

1800–Braulio Carrillo Colina, President of Costa Rica, is born in Cartago, Costa Rica.

1811–French Emperor, Napoleon II, is born Napoléon François Charles Joseph Bonaparte at Tuileries Palace, Paris, France. He was the son of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, and his second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise, of Austria.

1815–After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris, France, with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.

1828–Playwright, Henrik Ibsen, is born in Skien, Norway. He wrote his greatest works during 27 years of voluntary exile in Rome, Dresden, and Munich: A Doll's House, Peer Gynt, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, and The Master-Builder.

1848–King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.

1852–Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.

1854–In Ripon, Wisconsin, former members of the Whig Party meet to establish a new political party that would oppose the spread of slavery into the western territories. This would become the Republican Party.

1861–An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.

1869–Showman, Florenz Ziegfeld, is born in Chicago, Illinois. Starting in 1907, he staged the Ziegfeld Follies in New York, featuring scantily clad show girls, extravagant sets and costumes, and musical comedy. He launched the careers of Fanny Brice, W.C. Fields, Will Rogers, and Eddie Cantor.

1873–Composer, Sergei (Vasilievich) Rachmaninoff, is born near Great Novgorod in northwestern Russia. Rachmaninoff is widely considered one of the finest pianists of his day, and as a composer, one of the last great representatives of Romanticism in Russian classical music. He is best known for his piano concertos and his Rhapsody on a theme of Paganini.

1882–René Coty, President of France (1953-1958), is born in Le Harve, France.

1882–Frank C. Stilwell dies of shotgun wounds in Tucson, Arizona Territory, at age 26. He was closely involved in the events leading up to and following the “Gunfight at the O.K. Corral” on October 26, 1881, and was suspected in the murder of Morgan Earp on March 18, 1882. Two days after Morgan's death, Frank Stilwell was killed by Deputy U.S. Marshal, Wyatt Earp, in a Tucson train yard.

1883–The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is signed.

1885–Eugen Herrigel is born in Lichtenau, Baden, Germany. He was a German philosopher who taught philosophy at Tohoku Imperial University in Sendai, Japan, from 1924 to 1929, and introduced Zen to large parts of Europe through his writings. His most famous work Zen in the Art of Archery.

1886–The first AC power plant in the U.S. begins commercial operation in Massachusetts.

1901–General Electric begins construction on a large factory in Toronto, Canada.

1903–Actor, (William) Edgar Buchanan, is born in Humansville, Missouri. He is best known for the role of Uncle Joe on the sitcoms Petticoat Junction, Green Acres, and The Beverly Hillbillies. He appeared in films Penny Serenade, Texas, Strange Affair, Abilene Town, Renegades, The Wreck of the Hesperus, The Man from Colorado, Any Number Can Play, Cheaper by the Dozen, Rawhide, She Couldn’t Say No, Destry, Wichita, Hound-Dog Man, Cimarron, Tammy Tell Me True, Ride the High Country, McLintock!, Mover Over, Darling, The Rounders, and Benji.

1906–Abraham Beame, New York City’s first Jewish Mayor, is born Abraham David Birnbaum in London, England. He presided as Mayor during the fiscal crisis of the mid-1970s, when the city was almost forced to declare bankruptcy.

1906–Actor and bandleader, Ozzie Nelson, is born Oswald George Nelson in Jersey City, New Jersey. He was a television director and producer who originated and starred in The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, a radio and long-running television series with his wife, Harriet, and their two sons, David and Ricky Nelson. He appeared in the films Sweetheart of the Campus, People Are Funny, Here Come The Nelsons, Love and Kisses, and The Impossible Years. Actress, Tracey Nelson, is his granddaughter, and musicians, Matthew and Gunner Nelson, are his grandsons.

1908–Actor, Michael (Scudamore) Redgrave, is born in Bristol, England. He was a stage and film actor, director, manager, and author. He appeared in the films The Lady Vanishes, Stolen Life, Thunder Rock, Dead of Night, The Captive Heart, Mourning Becomes Electra, The Browning Version, The Importance of Being Earnest, Mr. Arkadin, 1984, The Happy Road, The Quiet American, The Innocents, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, Oh! What a Lovely War, Goodbye Mr. Chips, and The Go-Between. His daughters are actresses Vanessa and Lynn Redgrave, and his granddaughters are Natasha and Joely Richardson.

1911–The Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway in New York City.

1913–Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt. He will die two days later.

1914–Actor, Wendell (Reid) Corey, is born in Dracut, Massachusetts. He appeared in the films I Walk Alone, Sorry, Wrong Number, The Accused, Any Number Can Play, Holiday Affair, The Furies, Harriet Craig, Carbine Williams, My Man and I, Rear Window, The Big Knife, The Rainmaker, Loving You, and Picture Mommy Dead.

1916–Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.

1916–Pierre Messmer, Prime Minister of France, is born Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer in Vincennes, Seine (present-day Val-de-Marne), France.

1917–Peter Caddy, founder of the Findhorn Community, is born. During a period of unemployment from 1962 onwards, Caddy began experimenting with organic gardening to supplement his family's food supply. The garden near Findhorn, Scotland, flourished to such a remarkable extent that it eventually attracted national attention. Peter Caddy attributed its success to his spiritual practices, and a community began to form around his family and their friend, Dorothy Maclean. In 1979, Caddy left the Findhorn Ecovillage community.

1918–Jazz pianist, Marian McPartland, is born Margaret Marian Turner in Slough, South East England. She was the host of Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz on National Public Radio from 1978 to 2011.

1922–The USS Langley is commissioned as the first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier.

1922–Comedian, Ray Goulding, of Bob & Ray, is born in Lowell, Massachusetts.

1922–Comedian-writer, Carl Reiner, is born in the Bronx, New York. He is best known for the role of Alan Brady on The Dick Van Dyke Show, which he developed, wrote, and directed. As a director, his films include Enter Laughing, The Comic, Where’s Poppa?, Oh, God!, The One and Only, The Jerk, Dead Men Don’t Wear Plaid, The Man with Two Brains, All of Me, and Fatal Instinct. His son is actor-director, Rob Reiner.

1923–The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first American showing, entitled “Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso,” becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States.

1925–Politician, John (Daniel) Ehrlichman, is born in Tacoma, Washington. He was a key figure in events leading to the Watergate break-in and the ensuing Watergate scandal, for which he was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury. He served a year and a half in prison.

1927–Cajun musician, Dewey Balfa, is born in Grand Louis, Louisiana. He formed the group The Balfa Brothers in 1965. His daughter is singer, Christine Balfa.

1928–Fred Rogers, host of the children’s TV show Mr Rogers’ Neighborhood, is born Frederick McFeely Rogers in Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Over the course of three decades on television, Fred Rogers became an indelible American icon of children's entertainment and education, as well as a symbol of compassion, patience, and morality.

1931–Actor, Hal Linden, is born Harold Lipshitz in New York, New York. He is best known for his starring role in the TV comedy series Barney Miller. He appeared in the films Bells Are Ringing, Destroy All Monsters, When You Comin’ Back, Red Ryder? and A New Life.

1933–Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt.

1933–Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed. Theodor Eicke is appointed camp commandant.

1934–Politician, Willie Brown, is born Willie Lewis Brown, Jr. in Mineola, Texas. He served as the 41st Mayor of San Francisco, California.

1935–Your Hit Parade makes its debut on American radio.

1934–Actor-director, Ted Bessell, is born Howard Weston Bessell in Flushing, New York. He is best known for the role of Donald Hollinger on the sitcom That Girl. Bessell moved into directing, helming episodes of The Tracey Ullman Show. He appeared in the films The Outsider, Lover Come Back, Billie, and Don’t Drink the Water.

1936–Comedian, (Abbott) Vaughn Meader, is born in Waterville, Maine. He is best known for the 1962 comedy record The First Family. The album spoofed President John F. Kennedy, who was played by Meader, and won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1963. Meader's career came to an abrupt end after President Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963.

1937–Country singer and actor, Jerry Reed, is born Jerry Reed Hubbard in Atlanta, Georgia. He appeared in the films W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings, Gator, Smokey and the Bandit, Concrete Cowboys, The Survivors, and Stoker Ace.

1942–In Rohatyn, Western Ukraine, German SS officers murder 3,000 Jews, including 600 children.

1942–In Zgierz, Poland, 100 Poles are taken from a labor camp and shot by the Germans.

1943–Television producer, Paul Junger Witt, is born in New York, New York. He, with his partners Tony Thomas and Susan Harris (also his wife), produced the hit TV shows Here Come the Brides, The Partridge Family, The Golden Girls, Soap, Benson, Empty Nest, and Blossom.

1945–Editor and poet, Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas, dies of congestive heart failure in Lancing, West Sussex, England. His close association with Oscar Wilde eventually led to Wilde's trial and imprisonment for homosexual practices.

1948–The 20th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Gentleman's Agreement; Best Actor: Ronald Colman for A Double Life; Best Actress: Loretta Young for The Farmer's Daughter; Best Director: Elia Kazan for Gentleman's Agreement; Best Foreign Film: Shoeshine (Italy). The ceremonies are held at The Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The hosts are Agnes Moorehead and Dick Powell.

1948–A Musicians Union ban is lifted, and the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under conductors Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are presented on the CBS and NBC networks.

1950–Actor, William (McChord) Hurt, is born in Washington, D.C. He appeared in the films Altered States, Eyewitness, Body Heat, The Big Chill, Gorky Park, Kiss of the Spider Woman, Children of a Lesser God, Broadcast News, The Accidental; Tourist, I Love You to Death, Alice, Until the End of the World, The Doctor, Smoke, Michael, Lost in Space, One True Thing, Tuck Everlasting, The Village, A History of Violence, and Mr. Brooks. He is the step-grandson of Henry Luce, founder of Time magazine, and actress-writer, Clare Boothe Luce. He was married to actress, Mary Beth Hurt.

1950–Carl Palmer, of Emerson, Lake & Palmer, is born in Birmingham, England.

1951–Jimmie Vaughan, of The Fabulous Thunderbirds, is born in Austin, Texas. His younger brother is musician, Stevie Ray Vaughn.

1952–The U.S. Senate ratifies a Peace Treaty with Japan.

1952–The 24th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: An American in Paris; Best Actor: Humphrey Bogart for The African Queen; Best Actress: Vivien Leigh for A Streetcar Named Desire; Best Director: George Stevens for A Place in the Sun; Best Foreign Film: Rashomon (Japan). The ceremonies are held at RKO Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, California. The host is Danny Kaye.

1954–Decca, Columbia, and MGM Records introduce the new “hi-fidelity” disc.

1954–The first newspaper vending machine is installed in Columbia, Pennsylvania.

1956–The USSR conducts a nuclear test.

1956–Tunisia gains independence from France.

1957–Film director, Spike Lee, is born Shelton Jackson Lee in Atlanta, Georgia. His production company, 40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks, has produced over 35 films since 1983. His films include She’s Gotta Have It, School Daze, Do the Right Thing, Mo’ Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X, Crooklyn, Get on the Bus, and Summer of Sam.

1957–Actress, Theresa Russell, is born Theresa Paup in San Diego, California. She appeared in the films The Last Tycoon, Straight Time, The Razor’s Edge, Insignificance, Black Widow, Impulse, Being Human, Wild Things, and The Believer.

1958–Actress, Holly Hunter, is born in Conyers, Georgia. She appeared in the films Swing Shift, Blood Simple, Raising Arizona, A Gathering of Old Men, Broadcast News, Miss Firecracker, Always, Once Around, The Piano, The Firm, Copycat, Home for the Holidays, Crash, A Life Less Ordinary, Living Out Loud, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, Moonlight Mile, Levity, and Thirteen.

1960–Elvis Presley begins his first recording session since exiting the U.S. Army on March 5th. With guitarist, Scotty Moore, he records Stuck on You and Fame and Fortune at the RCA Studios in Nashville, Tennessee.

1963–Supermodel, Kathy Ireland, is born Kathleen Marie Ireland in Glendale, California. She is best known for appearing in 13 consecutive Sports Illustrated swimsuit issues.

1963–The first "Pop Art" exhibition is held in New York City.

1963–Actor, David Thewlis, is born David Wheeler in Blackpool, Lancashire, England. He is best known his role of Remus Lupin in the "Harry Potter" film series. He has appeared in the films Little Dorrit, Damage, The Trial, Naked, Total Eclipse, Dragonheart, Seven Years in Tibet, The Big Lebowski, and The Boy in the Striped Pajamas.

1964–The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established.

1964–The Beatles appear live on the U.K. television program Ready Steady Go! They lip-sync to It Won't Be Long, You Can't Do That, and Can't Buy Me Love. They also give an interview, take part in a humorous fashion parade, and receive a special award from the U.S. trade magazine Billboard.

1964–Brendan Behan, Irish writer and playwright, dies of alcohol-induced diabetes in Dublin, Ireland, at age 41. As a member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), he was imprisoned twice.

1965–Motown takes over the U.K., as the famed Detroit label's first package tour hits the British Isles. Aboard are Martha and the Vandellas, Stevie Wonder, The Supremes, and The Temptations. The only white British act to be invited along is the jazzy Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames.

1967–Mod fashion model, Twiggy, arrives in the U.S. from London, England, for a one-week stay. She quickly becomes the most sought-after subject of photographers, due to her terrifically skinny-yet-wholesome good looks and the shortest “mini” dresses ever seen on public streets.

1969–President Richard Nixon proclaims he will end the Vietnam War in 1970.

1969–John Lennon and Yoko Ono are married at the British Consulate in Gibraltar, by magistrate Cecile Wheeler. Beatles aide, Peter Brown, is there to act as witness. They had flown from Paris, France, to Gibraltar early in the morning, landing on the “rock” at 8:30 a.m. The marriage took place at 9:00 a.m. After the ceremony, they announce to the press that they will be staging many “events” and “happenings.”

1971–Iron Butterfly's In-a-Gadda-Da-Vida has been on the charts for 138 weeks and has sold more than three million copies.

1972–Nineteen mountain climbers are killed during an avalanche on Japan's Mount Fuji.

1972–A Provisional IRA car bomb kills seven people and injures 148 others in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was the first of many car bomb attacks by the group.

1972–Actress, Marilyn Maxwell, dies of a heart attack in Beverly Hills, California, at age 50. A sex symbol of the 1940s and 1950s, she appeared in films and radio programs, and entertained the troops during World War II and the Korean War on USO tours with Bob Hope.

1974–Ian Ball attempts, but fails, to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband, Captain Mark Phillips, in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, in London, England.

1974–Newscaster, Chet Huntley, dies of lung cancer in Big Sky, Montana, at age 62. He is best known for co-anchoring NBC's evening news program The Huntley-Brinkley Report for 14 years beginning in 1956.

1976–Newspaper heiress, Patricia Hearst, is convicted of taking part in a 1974 armed robbery of a bank in San Francisco, California.

1977–Former Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac, is elected Mayor of Paris, France.

1980–The Mi Amigo ship, containing England's pirate station, Radio Caroline, sinks.

1980–Joseph Riveria, a 28-year-old truck driver from Texas, walks into the New York offices of Elektra/Asylum Records, draws a gun and takes the office manager hostage. He demands to see either Jackson Browne or The Eagles, from whom he wants money to finance his trucking operation. Eventually, Riviera surrenders to police without hurting anybody.

1982–France conducts a nuclear test.

1982–A chart topper: I Love Rock and Roll by Joan Jett and the Blackhearts.

1984–The U.S. Senate rejects an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would permit spoken prayer in public schools.

1985–Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

1985–Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian, Rick Hansen, begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair, in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.

1986–Jacques Chirac becomes Prime Minister of France.

1987–The FDA approves the sale of the drug AZT as a treatment for AIDS.

1988–Jazz composer and conductor, Gil Evans, dies in Cuernavaca, Mexico, at age 75. He played an important role in the development of cool jazz, modal jazz, free jazz, and jazz fusion, and collaborated extensively with Miles Davis.

1990–Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.

1991–Eric Clapton's four-year-old son, Conor, falls to his death from a 53rd story New York City apartment window. The tragedy would be the inspiration for Clapton's song Tears in Heaven.

1991–Michael Jackson signs a $65 million, six-album deal with Sony Records.

1993–A Provisional IRA bomb kills two children in Warrington, England. It leads to mass protests in both Britain and Ireland.

1995–A sarin gas attack on the subway in Tokyo, Japan, kills 12 people and wounds 4,700 others.

1995–The Beatles song, Free As a Bird (with late John Lennon as lead singer), is released. It is the first Fab Four single in more than 30 years.

1996–Erik and Lyle Menendez are found guilty of murdering their parents.

1996–Authorities in the U.K. state that humans can catch Mad Cow Disease.

1999–Legoland California, the first Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.

1999–Actress, Annette O' Toole, marries actor, Michael McKean, at The Regal Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California.

2000–Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after murdering Georgia Sheriff's Deputy, Ricky Kinchen, and critically wounding Deputy Aldranon English.

2003–In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries (the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland) begin military operations in Iraq.

2004–Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming its first leader.

2004–Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, dies in her sleep from complications of pneumonia at Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, Netherlands, at age 94. Upon her death, she was the longest-lived former reigning monarch in the world.

2005–A 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan. It is its first major quake in over 100 years.

2012–At least 52 people are killed and more than 250 are injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq.

2014–Four suspected Taliban members attack the Kabul Serena Hotel, killing at least nine people.

2015–A Solar eclipse, the Spring equinox, and a Supermoon all occur on this day.

2015–Journalist, Lisa Colagrossi, dies of a brain aneurysm in New York, New York, at age 49. She was a reporter for WABC-TV in New York City. Colagrossi joined the ABC-owned station in September 2001.

2015–AJ Pero, drummer for Twisted Sister, dies of a heart attack in Poughkeepsie, New York, at age 55. Pero was touring with Adrenaline Mob and band members attempted to wake him on their tour bus. The band was traveling from Baltimore to Poughkeepsie. Pero was taken to a hospital where he was pronounced dead.

2016–President Barack Obama and the First Family begin their three-day visit to Havana, Cuba, to mark the end of the 54-year tensions in Cuba-United States relations. Obama is the first sitting U.S. President to visit the country since Calvin Coolidge in 1928.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Maximinus Thrax; Sir Walter Raleigh; Napoleon II; Florenz Ziegfield; the book Zen in the Art of Archery; Ozzie Nelson; Wendell Corey; Marian McPartland; Dewey Balfa; Ted Bessell; Jerry Reed; William Hurt; a poster for The African Queen; Theresa Russell; David Thewlis; Twiggy; Marilyn Maxwell; a promo for Radio Caroline; Jacques Chirac; Michael Jackson; Legoland California; a Solar eclipse.

< Back 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Next >