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1950–Author, Edgar Rice Burroughs, dies of a heart attack in Encino, California, at age 74. He is best known for his creation of the jungle hero, Tarzan. His first novel in the Tarzan series was Tarzan of the Apes, published in October 1912. The town of Tarzana, California, is named in his honor.

235–Roman Emperor, Alexander Severus, is assassinated while at a meeting with his generals in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, at age 26.

953–Al-Mansur Billah, Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate, dies after a severe illness at age 40.

1206–Güyük Khan, Mongol ruler and 3rd Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, is born. He was a grandson of Genghis Khan.

1279–Emperor Bing of Song dies at the Battle of Yamen in Guangdong Province, China, at age 8. An official, Lu Xiufu, who realized that all was lost, jumped into the sea carrying the Emperor as an act of defiance to the Mongol invaders.

1286–Alexander III of Scotland dies of a broken neck in a fall from his horse while riding to visit the Queen in Kinghorn Ness, Fife, Scotland, at age 44.

1563–The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots.

1604–John IV of Portugal is born at Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, Portugal.

1629–Alexis of Russia is born Aleksey Mikhailovich in Moscow, Tsardom of Russia.

1644–Two hundred members of the Peking Imperial Family and Court commit suicide. Among them is Chongzhen, the last Ming Emperor of China.

1649–The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England."

1687–Explorer, Robert Cavelier de La Salle, is murdered by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River.

1702–Anne Stuart, the daughter of James II, becomes Queen of England.

1721–Pope Clement XI dies in Rome, Papal States, at age 71.

1734–Attorney, Thomas McKean, is born in New London Township, Pennsylvania. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he signed the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress.

1748–The English Naturalization Act passes, granting Jews the right to colonize in U.S.

1749–Princess Louisa of Great Britain is born at Leicester House, Westminster, London, England. She was the daughter of Frederick, Prince of Wales, a grandchild of George II, and the sister of George III.

1812–The Cádiz Cortes promulgates the Spanish Constitution of 1812.

1813–Explorer and medical missionary, David Livingstone, is born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland. His fame as an explorer helped drive forward the discovery of the sources of the River Nile, which formed the culmination of the classic period of European geographical exploration and colonial penetration of the African continent.

1822–Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city.

1831–The City Bank of New York becomes the site of the first bank robbery in American history. Using a set of duplicate keys on a Saturday morning, the robbers got away with $245,000.

1848–Frontiersman and legendary Western lawman, Wyatt Earp, is born Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp in Monmouth, Warren County, Illinois. Earp was at different times in his life a city policeman, county sheriff, teamster, buffalo hunter, bouncer, saloon-keeper, gambler, brothel owner, pimp, miner, and boxing referee. He spent his early life in Iowa. He landed in the cattle boomtown of Wichita, Kansas, where he became a deputy city marshal for one year and developed a solid reputation as a lawman. He then moved on to Dodge City, Kansas, where he met Doc Holliday. He moved to Tombstone, Arizona, with his brothers in 1879, where the famous “Gunfight at the O.K. Corral” took place. Wyatt was never wounded in any of the gunfights he took part in, which only added to his mystique. In modern times, Wyatt Earp has become synonymous of the stereotypical image of a lawman, and is a symbol of American frontier justice.

1853–The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864.

1860–Orator-statesman, William Jennings Bryan, is born in Salem, Illinois. He was a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party's candidate for President of the United States (1896, 1900, and 1908). Bryan actively lobbied for state laws banning public schools from teaching evolution. His participation in the highly publicized 1925 Scopes Trial served as a capstone to his career. He was asked by William Bell Riley to represent the World Christian Fundamentals Association as counsel at the trial. The jury quickly returned a guilty verdict with the defense's encouragement, and Bryan won the case. However, the state Supreme Court reversed the verdict on a technicality and Scopes went free. Bryan linked Darwinism to what he considered to be the might-makes-right philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, and in contrast, he was influenced by the social philosophy of Leo Tolstoy, a Christian humanitarian and pacifist.

1861–The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.

1863–The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines, and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000.

1866–The immigrant ship, Monarch of the Seas, sinks in Liverpool, England, killing 738 people.

1885–Louis Riel declares a provisional government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.

1891–Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States, is born in Los Angeles, California. He served as the Governor of California foe three terms (1943-1953). He is best known for the decisions of the Warren Court, which ended school segregation and transformed many areas of American law, especially regarding the rights of the accused, ending public school-sponsored prayers, and requiring "one man–one vote" rules of apportionment of Congressional, state and local legislative districts. He made the Supreme Court a power center on a more even basis with Congress and the Presidency. He was appointed to chair of what became known as the Warren Commission, which was formed to investigate the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

1894–Comedienne, Jackie "Moms" Mabley, is born Loretta Mary Aiken in Brevard, South Carolina. A veteran of the “Chitlin' Circuit” of African-American vaudeville, she later appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour.

1895–The Los Angeles Railway is established to provide streetcar service to the area.

1895–Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first film footage using their newly patented cinematograph.

1900–French physicist, (Jean) Frederic Joliot-Curie, is born in Paris, France. His wife was Irène Joliot-Curie. While a lecturer at the Paris Faculty of Science, he collaborated with his wife on research on the structure of the atom, in particular on the projection, or recoil, of nuclei that had been struck by other particles, which was an essential step in the discovery of the neutron. In 1935, they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their discovery of "artificial radioactivity.”

1904–U.S. Federal Judge, John J. Sirica, is born in Waterbury, Connecticut. He was the Chief Judge for the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, where he became famous for presiding over the Watergate scandal. He rose to national prominence when he ordered President Richard Nixon to turn over his recordings of White House conversations. For his role in Watergate, he was named Time magazine's Man of the Year in 1973.

1906–(Otto) Adolf Eichmann is born in Solingen, Rhine Province, Germany. He was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and one of the major organisers of the Holocaust. In 1962, he was found guilty of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes against Poles, Slovenes, and Gypsies. He was also found guilty of membership in three organisations that had been deemed criminal at the Nuremberg trials: the Gestapo, the SD, and the SS. When considering the sentence, the judges concluded that Eichmann had not merely been following orders, but believed in the Nazi cause wholeheartedly and had been a key perpetrator of the genocide during World War II.

1916–Eight American combat planes of the First Aero Squadron, take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, becoming the first U.S. air-combat mission in history.

1916–Writer, Irving Wallace, is born in Chicago, Illinois. His works include The Chapman Report, The Book of Lists, and The People’s Almanac.

1918–The U.S. Congress authorizes time zones and approves Daylight Saving Time.

1920–The U.S. Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).

1920–Actor, Tige Andrews, is born Tiger Andrews in Brooklyn, New York. He is best known for his role of Captain Adam Greer on the action TV series The Mod Squad. He appeared in the films Mister Roberts, The Wings of Eagles, Until They Sail, and Onionhead.

1921–One of the biggest engagements of the Irish War of Independence takes place at Crossbarry, County Cork. About 100 Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers escape an attempt by over 1,300 British forces to encircle them.

1921–Comedian, Tommy Cooper, is born Thomas Frederick Cooper in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales. He was a prop comedian and magician. Cooper was a member of the Magic Circle, respected by traditional magicians. He was famed for his red fez, and his appearance was large and lumbering at 6 feet, 4 inches tall.

1924–F. Scott Fitzgerald settles on “Under the Red, White, and Blue,” as the title of his third novel. But he will change it later to a title his wife Zelda proposed, The Great Gatsby.

1928–Actor, Patrick (Joseph) McGoohan, is born in Astoria, Queens, New York. He was an American-born actor who was brought up in Ireland and Britain, where he established an extensive stage and film career. He starred in the British TV series, The Prisoner, and he appeared in the films The Three Lives of Thomasina, Ice Station Zebra, Silver Streak, Escape from Alcatraz, Scanners, and Braveheart.

1930–Jazz saxophonist, Ornette Coleman, is born in Fort Worth, Texas. He bought his first alto sax when he was 14, and learned to play from a book, which led to his unorthodox fingering.

1930–Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, dies from lingering illness in Woking, Surrey, England, at age 81.

1931–Gambling is legalized in the state of Nevada.

1933–Actress, Phyllis Newman, is born in Jersey City, New Jersey. She appeared in the films Picnic, Let’s Rock, Bye Bye Braverman, To Find a Man, A Secret Space, Mannequin, Only You, A Price Above Rubies, It Had to Be You, and The Human Stain. She was married to lyricist and playwright, Adolph Green.1933–Novelist, Philip (Milton) Roth, is born in Newark, New Jersey. He wrote the controversial Portnoy's Complaint and Goodbye Columbus.

1933–Novelist, Philip (Milton) Roth, is born in Newark, New Jersey. He wrote the controversial Portnoy's Complaint and Goodbye Columbus.

1933–Actress, Renee Taylor, is born Renée Wechsler in the Bronx, New York. She is best known for the role of Sylvia Fine on the TV series The Nanny. She appeared in the films The Errand Boy, A Fine Madness, The Producers, Jennifer on My Mind, Made for Each Other, Last of the Red Hot Lovers, Lovesick, The End of Innocence, White Palace, and Delirious. She is married to actor, Joseph Bologna.

1935–Suffocating dust storms occur in southeastern Colorado. Six people die, and many livestock are starved or suffocated. Up to six feet of dust covered the ground. Schools were closed, and many rural homes were deserted by their inhabitants.

1935–Film producer and screenwriter, Burt Metcalfe, is born in in Saskatchewan, Canada. He is best known for his work on the long-running TV series M*A*S*H.

1936–Canned beer is first sold in Britain by the Felinfoel Brewery in Wales.

1936–Actress, Ursula Andress, is born in Ostermundigen, Switzerland. She is best known for the role as Bond girl Honey Ryder in the first James Bond film, Dr. No. She appeared in the films Fun in Acapulco, 4 for Texas, She, What’s New Pussycat?, The Blue Max, Once Before I Die, Casino Royale, Red Sun, Clash of the Titans, and Manimal. She was married to actor, John Derek.

1937–R&B singer, Clarence "Frogman" Henry, is born Clarence Henry II in New Orleans, Louisiana. His hits include Ain’t Got No Home, You Always Hurt the One You Love, and But I Do. Henry opened 18 concerts for The Beatles across the U.S. and Canada in 1964, but his main source of income came from the Bourbon Street strip in New Orleans, where he played for 19 years.

1941–The 99th Pursuit Squadron, also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, are activated. They are the first all-black unit of the Army Air Corps.

1942–President Franklin Roosevelt orders men between the age of 45 and 64 to register for non-military duty.

1942–The Thoroughbred Racing Association is established in Chicago, Illinois.

1942–Biologist, Clinton Hart Merriam, dies in Berkeley, California, at age 86. He helped to found the National Geographic Society, and what is now known as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

1943–Mario Monti, Prime Minister of Italy, is born in Varese, Italy.

1943–Frank Nitti, a member of Al Capone’s gang, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard, at age 60.

1944–The German Army invades Hungary.

1944–Lynda Bird Johnson, the daughter of President Lyndon B. Johnson (and Lady Bird Johnson), is born in Washington, D.C. Her sister is Luci Baines Johnson.

1944–Palestinian assassin, Sirhan (Bishara) Sirhan, is born Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine. He killed Senator Robert Kennedy on June 5, 1968. He is currently serving a life sentence at the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego County, California.

1945–Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.

1945–Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities, and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.

1946–Nicolai Schwernik becomes President of the USSR.

1946–French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion become overseas départements of France.

1946–Paul Atkinson, of The Zombies, is born Paul Ashley Warren Atkinson in Cuffley, Hertfordshire, England. The group had hits in the 1960s with She’s Not There, Tell Her No, and Time of the Season.

1946–Ruth Pointer, of The Pointer Sisters, is born in Oakland, California. The trio had hits with Yes We Can Can, He's So Shy, Slow Hand, I'm So Excited, Jump (for My Love), and Neutron Dance.

1947–Actress, Glenn Close, is born in Greenwich, Connecticut. She has appeared in the films The World According to Garp, The Big Chill, The Natural, The Stone Boy, Jagged Edge, Fatal Attraction, Dangerous Liaisons, Immediate Family, Reversal of Fortune, Hamlet, Hook, The Paper, 101 Dalmations, Air Force One, and The Safety of Objects.

1949–The first museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, opens in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

1950–Author, Edgar Rice Burroughs, dies of a heart attack in Encino, California, at age 74. He is best known for his creation of the jungle hero, Tarzan. His first novel in the Tarzan series was Tarzan of the Apes, published in October 1912. The town of Tarzana, California, is named in his honor.

1950–Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, Prime Minister of Romania, dies under house arrest in Sibiu, Romania, at age 78.

1951–Actor, Fred (Allen) Berry, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He is best known for the role of Fred "Rerun" Stubbs on the 1970s TV series What's Happening!! He was a member of the Los Angeles-based dance troupe, The Lockers, with which he appeared on the third episode of Saturday Night Live.

1952–Pianist and composer, Chris Brubeck, is born in Los Angeles, California. He is the son of jazz pianist, Dave Brubeck.

1952–Derek Longmuir, drummer for The Bay City Rollers, is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The group’s biggest hit was Saturday Night.

1952–Film producer and director, Harvey Weinstein, is born in Flushing, New York. He co-founded Miramax Films and The Weinstein Company. His films include The Secret Policeman’s Other Ball, Deep End, The Lemon Sisters, Madonna: Truth or Dare, Reservoir Dogs, Pulp Fiction, The English Patient, Good Will Hunting, Shakespeare in Love, Gangs of New York, The Aviator, and My Week with Marilyn. He is married to fashion designer, Georgina Chapman.

1953–The 25th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: The Greatest Show on Earth; Best Actor: Gary Cooper for High Noon; Best Actress: Shirley Booth for Come Back, Little Sheba; Best Director: John Ford for The Quiet Man; Best Foreign Film: Forbidden Games (France). The ceremonies are held at RKO Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, California, and NBC International Theatre, New York City. The hosts are Bob Hope (in Hollywood) and Conrad Nagel and Fredric March (in New York). It is the first Academy Awards ceremony to be televised.

1953–Ricky (Helton) Wilson, guitarist for the B-52's, is born in Athens, Georgia.

1954–The first rocket-driven sled on rails is tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico.

1954–Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today.

1954–Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in Round 7 at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight that is shown in color.

1955–Actor, (Walter) Bruce Willis, is born in Idar-Oberstein, Rhineland-Palatinate, West Germany. His father, David Willis, was an American soldier; His mother, Marlene K., was born in Kaufungen, near Kassel, Germany. He co-starred with Cybill Shepherd in the popular TV series Moonlighting. He has appeared in the films Blind Date, Sunset, Die Hard, In Country, Mortal Thoughts, The Last Boy Scout, Death Becomes Her, Color of Night, Pulp Fiction, Nobody’s Fool, 12 Monkeys, Armageddon, The Sixth Sense, The Story of Us, Unbreakable, and Moonrise Kingdom. He was married to actress, Demi Moore.

1957–Elvis Presley purchases the Graceland mansion in Memphis, Tennessee. It features 23 rooms and 10,000 square feet of space on 13.8 acres. It cost him $102,500.

1958–Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London, England.

1958–The Monarch Underwear Company fire in Manhattan, New York, kills 24 people and injures 15 others.

1962–The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.

1962–Folksinger, Bob Dylan, releases his first album, Bob Dylan, on Columbia Records.

1964–The Great St. Bernard Tunnel, under the Alps between Switzerland and Italy, opens to traffic.

1965–Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies.

1965–The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 having been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by a teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist, E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction.

1965–Rembrandt’s painting, Titus, sells for a record price of $7,770,000.

1968–Folksinger, Donovan, travels to India to study transcendental meditation under Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

1969–The Chicago Eight are indicted in the aftermath of Chicago Democratic National Convention.

1969–The 1,263-foot-tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, in Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England, collapses due to ice build-up. The collapse leaves sections of twisted mast strewn over the transmitter site and across the junction of Common Lane and Jagger Lane and the surrounding fields. Although a falling stay cable cuts through a local church and across the transmitter site buildings, no one is injured. It completely disables the BBC2 UHF transmitter and the ITV VHF transmitter, leaving several million people without service. The mast had been in use since 1964.

1970–Rocker, David Bowie, marries model, Mary Angela Barnett, in Kent, England.

1972–India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.

1974–The Jefferson Airplane begin their first tour under the name Jefferson Starship. The line-up includes Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Johnny Barbata, David Freiberg, Peter Kaukonen, Cragi Chaquico, and Papa John Creach.

1974–Fashion designer and women's apparel label founder, Anne Klein, dies in Brooklyn, New York, at age 54. Her first clothing line, Junior Sophisticates transformed both the style and attitude of young women, by leaving behind the overgrown little girl look for a more sophisticated and mature style in young women's fashion.

1974–Character actor, Edward Platt, dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica, California, at age 58. He was best known for his role of "The Chief" in the TV series Get Smart. He appeared in the films Rebel Without a Cause, North by Northwest, Pollyanna, and Cape Fear.

1976–Princess Margaret separates from the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years of marriage.

1978–Over 50,000 people in Amsterdam demonstrate against the neutron bomb.

1979–The U.S. House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.

1980–Elvis Presley's autopsy report is a part of the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners' case against Dr. George Nichopoulos. Presley's former personal physician is accused of over prescribing drugs to the King of Rock 'n' Roll. He later has his medical license revoked.

1982–Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom.

1982–Brazilian-American businessman, Eduardo Luiz Saverin, is born in São Paulo, Brazil. He is one of five co-founders of Facebook, along with Mark Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes, and Andrew McCollum.

1982–Randy Rhoads, who played with Quiet Riot and Ozzy Osbourne, dies in airplane accident in Leesburg, Florida, at age 25.

1984–The TV sitcom, Kate & Allie, makes its debut.

1985–IBM announces that it is planning to stop making the PCjr consumer-oriented computer. It was hoped the machine would dominate the home computer market, but didn’t quite live up to its expectations. In the 16 months that the PCjr was on the market, only 240,000 units were sold.

1985–The U.S. Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile.

1985–Spin magazine begins publication.

1987–Televangelist, Jim Bakker, resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal with Jessica Hahn. He hands over control to Jerry Falwell.

1988–Michael Jackson begins construction on his 2,800-acre ranch and private amusement park in Santa Barbara, California. He will call it “Neverland.”

1989–The Egyptian flag is raised at Taba, marking the end of Israeli occupation since the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the peace negotiations in 1979.

1992–Actor, Cesare Danova, dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, at age 66. He was cast extensively on American TV and appeared in the films Crossed Swords, Don Juan, Catch Me If You Can, Tender is the Night, Cleopatra, Gidget Goes to Rome, Viva Las Vegas, and Mean Streets.

1993–Jeff Ward, drummer with 9 Inch Nails, commits suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning at age 30.

1997–The U.S. Supreme Court hears arguments on “Internet indecency.”

1997–Artist, Willem de Kooning, dies of Alzheimers disease in Long Island, New York, at age 92. he was a founder of the Abstract Expressionist school that transformed American art in the 1940s.

1999–Photos of Rolling Stone, Keith Richards, sunbathing in the nude, are published on the Internet.

2001–The Bank of Japan issues a monetary policy known as “quantitative easing” (in simple terms “printing money”), which stimulates the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.

2001–The 16th Annual Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony is held. This year’s inductees are: (Performers) Michael Jackson, Aerosmith, Solomon Burke, The Flamingos, Queen, Paul Simon, Steely Dan, and Ritchie Valens; (Non-Performer) Chris Blackwell; and (Sidemen) James Burton and Johnnie Johnson. The ceremony takes place at The Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City.

2002–Zimbabwe is suspended from the Commonwealth on charges of human rights abuses and electoral fraud, following a turbulent presidential election.

2003–Denver, Colorado, digs out from the second-biggest snowstorm in the city's history. Almost three feet of wet snow over 36 hours shuts down the city.

2004–A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 over the Baltic Sea in 1952, is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the three crewmen are left in place, pending further investigations.

2004–Taiwanese president, Chen Shui-bian, is shot prior to the country's presidential election on March 20th.

2005–Automobile engineer, John DeLorean, dies from a stroke in Summit, New Jersey, at age 80. DeLorean designed a number of highly popular and iconic vehicles throughout his career, including the Pontiac GTO muscle car, the Pontiac Firebird, Pontiac Grand Prix, Chevrolet Vega, and the DeLorean DMC-12 sports car, which was later featured in the 1985 film Back to the Future.

2008–A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed.

2008–Sir Arthur C. Clarke, English science fiction author and inventor, dies of respiratory failure in Colombo, Sri Lanka, at age 91. He is best known his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey.

2008–Actor, Paul Scofield, dies of leukemia in Sussex, England, at age 86. He appeared in the films Carve Her Name with Pride, A Man for All Seasons, King Lear, Henry V, Hamlet, Quiz Show, and The Crucible.

2009–Talk show host, David Letterman, marries longtime girlfriend, Regina Lasko, at a civil ceremony in Choteau, Montana.

2011–After the failure of Muammar Gaddafi's forces to take Benghazi, French Air Force launches Opération Harmattan, beginning foreign military intervention in Libya.

2013–A series of bombings and shootings across Iraq kill at least 98 people and injure 240 others.

2013–Porn star, Harry Reems, dies of pancreatic cancer at age 65. Reems first rose to fame in 1972, when he starred in Deep Throat, the first adult film made for wide screen. Reems eventually left the adult film industry in the mid-1980s to become a realtor.

2014–Pastor and activist, Fred Phelps, dies of natural causes in Topeka, Kansas, at age 84. He founded the Westboro Baptist Church. Phelps and his followers frequently picketed various events, such as military funerals, gay pride gatherings, high-profile political gatherings, university commencement ceremonies, and mainstream Christian gatherings and concerts with which he had no affiliation, arguing it was their sacred duty to warn others of God's anger. The church is widely considered to be a hate group, and is monitored by the Anti-Defamation League and Southern Poverty Law Center.

2015–Michael Brown, of The Left Banke, dies of heart failure at age 65. The group had hits with Walk Away Renee and Pretty Ballerina.

2016–Flydubai Flight 981 crashes while attempting to land at Rostov-on-Don international airport, killing all 62 passengers on board.

2016–An explosion occurs in Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, killing five people and injuring 36 others.

2017–Journalist, Jimmy Breslin, dies of pneumonia in Manhattan, New York. at age 88. He was a Pulitzer Prize-winning author. Until the time of his death, he wrote a column for The New York Daily News Sunday edition.

2018–President Donald Trump unveils his plan to combat America's opioid epidemic, which includes harsher penalties for drug traffickers, including the death penalty.

2018–A woman in Tempe, Arizona, dies after being hit by a self-driving car operated by Uber. This appears to be the first death of a pedestrian struck by an autonomous vehicle on public roads. In response to the fatal accident, Uber suspends self-driving car tests in all U.S. cities.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Alexander III of Scotland; Pope Clement XI; Wyatt Earp; the Monarch of the Seas; Frederic Joliot-Curie; Tige Andrews; Ornette Coleman; Ursula Andress; Mario Monti on Time magazine; Glenn Close; Fred Berry; a poster for High Noon; Bruce Willis; the TV-mast at Emley Moor in Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England; Eduardo Saverin; Spin magazine; Cesare Danova; art for "quantitative easing"; John DeLorean; and Harry Reems.

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