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1923–Motorsports entrepreneur, Anthony “Andy” Granatelli, is born in Dallas, Texas. Granatelli became very visible in the racing world in the 1960s as the spokesman for STP oil and gasoline treatment products, appearing in its TV and radio advertisements, as well as sponsoring racecars. It is believed that Granatelli attended every Indianapolis 500, whether as a participant or as a spectator, from 1946 to 2012.

BC 3952–The beginning of Creation, as calculated by the Venerable Bede.

37–The Roman Senate proclaims Caligula as Emperor.

633–The Arabian Peninsula is united under the central authority of Caliph Abu Bakr.

978–Edward the Martyr dies most likely of murder in Corfe Castle, Dorset, England, at age 15. He is recognized today as a Saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Anglican Communion.

1068–An earthquake affects the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula, killing up to 20,000 people.

1227–Pope Honorius III dies in Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire.

1229–Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.

1241–In the first Mongol invasion of Poland, Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.

1314–Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of The Knights of Templar, is burned at the stake.

1438–Albert II of Habsburg, becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1496–Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England, is born in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England. She became the third wife of Louis XII of France, more than 30 years her senior.

1541–Hernan de Soto observes the first recorded flood in America, along the Mississippi River.

1584–Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible), Russian Tsar (1547-2584), dies from a stroke while playing chess with Bogdan Belsky in Moscow, Russia, at age 53. Bogdan Belsky was a Russian statesman and good friend of the Tsar.

1608–Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.

1609–Frederick III of Denmark is born in Haderslevhus Castle, Haderslev, Denmark.

1644–The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.

1662–The first buses, eight-seat vehicles known as “carrosses a cinq solz,” run in Paris, France.

1673–Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers.

1741–New York Governor George Clarke's complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741.

1745–Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1722-1742), dies in St. James's, Middlesex, England, at age 68.

1766–After four months of organized American protests, the British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, a taxation measure enacted to raise revenues for a standing British army in America.

1793–The first republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.

1818–The U.S. Congress approves the establishment of pensions for government service.

1834–Six farm laborers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England, are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1837–(Stephen) Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th U.S. President (1885-1889 and 1893-1897), is born in New Jersey.

1842–Stéphane Mallarmé, translator of the poems of Edgar Allan Poe and author of L'Apres-Midi d'un Faune, is born in Paris, France. Together with Paul Verlaine, he will become a leader of the Symbolist movement in poetry.

1844–Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer, is born Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov in Tikhvin, east of Saint Petersburg, Russia. He was a member of the group of composers known as The Five. His best-known orchestral compositions (Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade) are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas.

1845–Agronomist, Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman), dies in Fort Wayne, Indiana, at age 70. He was a pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, as well as the northern counties of present-day West Virginia.

1846–Native American tribal leader, Kicking Bear, is born on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. He was an Oglala Lakota who became a band chief of the Miniconjou Lakota Sioux. He fought in several battles with his brother, Flying Hawk, and first cousin, Crazy Horse, during the War for the Black Hills, including the Battle of the Greasy Grass.

1848–A struggle takes place between citizens and military in Berlin, Germany, and 300 people are killed.

1848–Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, is born Louisa Caroline Alberta at Buckingham Palace in London, England, at age 91. She was the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

1850–American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.

1858–Mechanical engineer, Rudolf Diesel, is born Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel in Paris, France. He invented the Diesel engine.

1865–The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.

1869–(Arthur) Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, is born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England.

1870–The first U.S. National Wildlife Preserve is established at Lake Meritt in Oakland, California.

1871–President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris.

1874–Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.

1877–Psychic healer, Edgar Cayce, is born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. Nicknamed “The Sleeping Prophet,” Cayce has been called the “father of holistic medicine” and is perhaps the most documented psychic of the 20th century.

1881–Barnum & Bailey's Circus, the “Greatest Show on Earth,” opens at Madison Square Garden, in New York City.

1882–Morgan Earp, brother of Wyatt, is murdered by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone, Arizona, at age 30. Morgan had been wounded on October 26, 1881, at the “Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.”

1886–Actor, Edward Everett Horton, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He appeared in the films The Front Page, Trouble in Paradise, Top Hat, Lost Horizon, Here Comes Mr. Jordan, Arsenic and Old Lace, The Story of Mankind, Pocketfull of Miracles, It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, and The Perils of Pauline.

1886–Psychologist, Kurt Koffka, is born in Berlin, German Empire. In the early 20th century, Koffka worked with Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer as a representative of the Gestalt movement. He helped to establish the theories that gave rise to the school of Gestalt psychology.

1891–Great Britain is linked to the European continent by telephone.

1892–Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, the Stanley Cup, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada.

1901–Mystic and writer, Manly Palmer Hall, is born in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. He is best known for his 1928 book The Secret Teachings of All Ages. Over his 70 year career, he gave thousands of lectures, including two at Carnegie Hall, and published over 150 volumes. In 1934, he founded The Philosophical Research Society in Los Angeles, California, which he dedicated to the "Truth Seekers of All Time," with a research library, lecture hall, and publishing house.

1902–Opera legend, Enrico Caruso, becomes the world's first recording artist when he records 10 songs for Italy's Gramophone and Typewriter Company.

1905–Actor, (Friedrich) Robert Donat, is born in Withington, Manchester, Lancashire, England. He appeared in the films The Private Life of Henry VIII, The Count of Monte Cristo, The 39 Steps, The Citadel, Goodbye, Mr. Chips, The Magic Box, and The Inn of the Sixth Happiness.

1909–Einar Dessau, of Denmark, uses a short-wave “ham” radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster.

1909–Winemaker, Ernest Gallo, is born in Jackson, California. He co-founded E & J Gallo Winery with his brother, Julio, in 1933. It is the largest winery in America, with about 25% of the wine market.

1911–Cowboy actor, Smiley Burnette, is born Lester Alvin Burnett in Summum, Illinois. He was a popular country music performer and a comedic actor in Western films, radio, and TV, playing the sidekick to Gene Autry and other B-movie cowboys. He co-starred in the TV shows Green Acres and Petticoat Junction.

1913–King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki, Greece, at age 67.

1915–In World War I, during the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships are sunk in a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.

1915–Writer, Richard (Thomas) Condon, is born in New York, New York. He was a political novelist whose satiric works were generally presented in the form of thrillers or semi-thrillers. Condon's writing was known for its complex plotting, fascination with trivia, and loathing for those in power. His works include The Manchurian Candidate, A Talent for Loving, Winter Kills, and Prizzi’s Honor.

1918–Architect, Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, dies in New York, New York, at age 71. He designed the Dakota Apartments on Central Park West, the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, the Western Union Telegraph Building, and the Plaza Hotel.

1921–The second Peace of Riga is signed between Poland and the Soviet Union.

1922–Mahatma Ghandi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India. He is released after serving two years.

1922–The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.

1923–Motorsports entrepreneur, Anthony “Andy” Granatelli, is born in Dallas, Texas. Granatelli became very visible in the racing world in the 1960s as the spokesman for STP oil and gasoline treatment products, appearing in its TV and radio advertisements, as well as sponsoring racecars. It is believed that Granatelli attended every Indianapolis 500, whether as a participant or as a spectator, from 1946 to 2012.

1925–The deadliest tornado outbreak in U.S. history cuts a swath through Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, along 235 miles. Known as the Great Tri-State Tornado, the outbreak consists of at least 12 known F5 tornadoes, which left 695 people dead.

1926–Actor, Peter Graves, is born Peter Duesler Aurness, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is best known for his starring role in the TV series Mission: Impossible from 1967 to 1973. He appeared in the films Red Planet Mars, Stalag 17, Beneath the 12-Mile Reef, Killers from Space, The Long Gray Line, Wichita, The Night of the Hunter, It Conquered the World, Beginning of the End, Death in Small Doses, Texas Across the River, The Ballad of Josie, and Airplane! He is the brother of actor, James Arness.

1927–Editor and writer, George (Ames) Plimpton, is born in New York, New York. In 1952, while on vacation in Paris, France, he founded The Paris Revue, which publishes Jack Kerouac, Terry Southern, Philip Roth, and Henry Miller. He is widely known for his sports writing and for his "participatory journalism," which included competing in professional sporting events, acting in a Western film, performing a comedy act at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, playing with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, and recording the experience from the point of view of an amateur.

1927–Businesswoman and philanthropist, Lillian Vernon, is born Lilli Menasche in Leipzig, Germany. She founded the Lillian Vernon Company. At the age of 24, Vernon invested $2,000 in her business and placed her first advertisement in Seventeen magazine for personalized purses and belts. She focused primarily on products for young women. The Lillian Vernon Catalog, which the company launched in 1956, became an iconic shopping resource for American women, much like its competitor, the Sears catalog.

1931–Schick, Inc. displays the first electric shaver in Stamford, Connecticut.

1932–Novelist, John (Hoyer) Updike, is born in Reading, Pennsylvania. Updike's most famous work is his "Rabbit" series (the novels Rabbit, Run; Rabbit Redux; Rabbit Is Rich; Rabbit At Rest; and the novella "Rabbit Remembered"), which chronicles the life of the middle-class everyman, Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom, over the course of several decades, from young adulthood to death.

1937–Author, Ernest Hemingway, arrives in Spain to report on the Spanish Civil War and to lend moral support to the Spanish Republican effort.

1937–The New London School explosion in New London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.

1938–Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.

1938–Comedian and comedy writer, Carl Gottlieb, is born in New York, New York. After studying drama at Syracuse University in the 1960s, he became a member of the San Francisco improvisational comedy troupe The Committee.

1938–Country singer, Charley Pride, is born in Sledge, Mississippi. His greatest success came in the early- to mid-1970s, when he became the best-selling performer for RCA Records since Elvis Presley: in total, he has garnered 39 #1 hits on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts.

1940–Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Austrian Alps, and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.

1941–R&B singer, Wilson Pickett, is born in Prattville, Alabama. His hits include In the Midnight Hour, 634-5789, Land of 1000 Dances, Mustang Sally, Everybody Needs Somebody to Love, and Funky Broadway.

1942–The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.

1943–Actor, Kevin (Patrick) Dobson, is born in Jackson Heights, Queens, New York. He is best known for his roles on the TV shows Kojak and Knots Landing. He appeared in the films Klute, Midway, All Night Long, Crash Landing, and April Moon.

1944–Nazi Germany occupies Hungary.

1944–The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 people and forces thousands of others to flee their homes.

1944–Over 2,000 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago, Illinois, department store.

1945–Actress, Susan Tyrrell, is born Susan Jillian Creamer in San Francisco, California. She appeared in the films Shoot Out, Fat City, Catch My Soul, Zandy’s Bride, The Killer Inside Me, Andy Warhol’s Bad, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, September 30, 1955, The Forbidden Zone, Night Warning, Avenging Angel, Big Top Pee-wee, Cry-Baby, Powder, and Masked and Anonymous.

1945–Eric (Norman) Woolfson, of The Alan Parsons Project, is born in Charing Cross, Glasgow, Scotland. Following the 10 successful albums he made with Alan Parsons, Woolfson pursued a career in musical theatre.

1946–Diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union are established.

1947–B.J. Wilson, drummer for Procol Harum, is born Barrie James Wilson in Edmonton, London, England.

1947–William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer, dies in New York, New York, at age 85. He co-founded General Motors and Chevrolet.

1948–Philips begins experimental TV broadcasting.

1949–The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), is ratified.

1950–Actor, Brad Dourif, is born Bradford Claude Dourif in Huntington, West Virginia. He is best known for the role of Billy Bibbit in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which brought him Golden Globe and BAFTA Awards, as well as an Academy Award nomination. He also appeared in the films W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings, The Gardner’s Son, Eyes of Laura Mars, Heaven’s Gate, Ragtime, Dune, Blue Velvet, Rage of Angels, Fatal Beauty, Mississippi Burning, Jungle Fever, Trauma, Amos & Andrew, Color of Night, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.

1950–John Hartman, drummer for The Doobie Brothers, is born in Falls Church, Virginia.

1951–Bennett “Ben” Cohen, co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, is born Brooklyn, New York.

1952–Comedian and journalist, Will Durst, is born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He has appeared on television over 800 times, including Late Night with David Letterman, Comedy Central, HBO, and Showtime. He received seven consecutive nominations for the American Comedy Awards Stand Up Comedian of the Year. Along with Larry "Bubbles" Brown and Johnny Steele, he is one of the characters in the feature documentary, 3 Still Standing, which focuses on the San Francisco comedy scene of the late 1980s and beyond.

1953–An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250 people.

1954–RKO Pictures is sold to billionaire, Howard Hughes, for $23,489,478. It becomes the first motion picture studio to be owned by an individual.

1955–I Hatojama is recognized as the Premier of Japan.

1957–Bill Haley and the Comets are back from an 11-week tour of Australia, Europe, and the British Isles, where they played for 500,000 fans.

1959–The Hawaii Admission Act is signed into law.

1959–Singer-actress, Irene Cara, is born Irene Cara Escalera in the Bronx, New York. She is best known for her role in the 1980 film Fame. Her recording of the song Fame became an international hit. She also had a hit with the song Flashdance... What a Feeling.

1961–The “Poppin’ Fresh” Pillsbury Dough Boy is introduced.

1962–The Evian Accords end the Algerian War of Independence, which had begun in 1954.

1962–Television personality, Mike Rowe, is born Michael Gregory Rowe in Baltimore, Maryland. He is best known for his work on the Discovery Channel series Dirty Jobs. In the early 1990s, Rowe was an on-air host for the shop at home TV channel QVC.

1963–Actress-singer, Vanessa (Lynn) Williams, is born in Millwood, New York. In 1983, she became the first African-American woman to be crowned Miss America. Seven weeks before the end of her reign,a scandal arose when Penthouse magazine bought and published nude photographs of Williams. She relinquished her title and was succeeded by the first runner-up, Suzette Charles, of New Jersey. She went on to recording career and released the Billboard Hot 100 #1 hit Save the Best for Last. She has appeared in the films The Pick-up Artist, Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man, Eraser, Soul Food, and Hannah Montana: The Movie. She was married to NBA basketball player, Rick Fox.

1965–Cosmonaut, Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.

1965–The Standells guest star as themselves on the “Far-Out Munsters” episode of The Munsters on CBS-TV.

1965–John Lennon gives friend (and ex-Quarry Man), Pete Shotton, £20,000 to open Hayling Supermarkets, Ltd. The first store opens in Hayling Island, Hampshire. Over the years, Pete made the most of John’s generosity, turning this business venture into a multi-million-dollar enterprise.

1965–Egypt's exiled King Farouk I dies after collapsing at his dinner table in Rome, Italy, at age 45. While some claim he was poisoned by Egyptian Intelligence, no official autopsy was conducted on his body.

1966–Scott Paper begins selling paper dresses for $1.00.

1967–The supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.

1967–A chart topper: Penny Lane by The Beatles.

1968–The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back American currency.

1969–The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.

1969–Actress, Barbara Bates, dies from suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning in her mother’s garage in Denver, Colorado, at age 43. She is best known for the role of Phoebe in the film All About Eve. She aalso appeared in the films Strange Holiday, Lady on a Train, Night in Paradise, Romance on the High Seas, Johnny Belinda, Adventures of Don Juan, Cheaper by the Dozen, Belles on Their Toes, The Outcasts of Poker Flat, The Caddy, and Rhapsody.

1970–A U.S. postal strike begins, becoming one of the largest wildcat strikes in American history.

1970–Country Joe McDonald is convicted for obscenity and fined $500 for leading a crowd in his infamous Fish Cheer at a concert in Massachusetts.

1970–Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.

1970–Rap singer and actress, Queen Latifah, is born Dana Elaine Owens in Newark, New Jersey. Her stage name, Latifah. meaning "delicate" and "very kind" in Arabic, was found in a book of names when she was eight years old. She has appeared in the films Jungle Fever, House Party 2, My Life, Set It Off, Living Out Loud, Sphere, Chicago, Brown Sugar, Bringing Down the House, Beauty Shop, Stranger Than Fiction, Last Holiday, Hairspray, and What Happens in Vegas...

1971–A landslide at Chungar, Peru, crashes into Lake Yanahuani killing 200.

1972–Lawyer and politician, Reince Priebus, is born Reinhold Richard Priebus in Dover, New Jersey. He served as White House Chief of Staff for President Donald Trump from January 20, 2017 to July 31, 2017. He also served as the chairman of the Republican National Committee (RNC) from 2011 to 2017.

1974–Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe, and Japan.

1976–Paul McCartney's father, James McCartney, dies of bronchial pneumonia at his home in Liverpool, England, at age 73.

1977–President Marien Ngouabi is assassinated in the Congo.

1977–The U.S. restricts citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea, and Cambodia.

1977–Vietnam hands over soldiers missing in action to the United States.

1978–Over 250,000 attend the rock concert, California Jam II, in Ontario, Canada.

1978–The Bee Gees Disco “mania" begins, as the Australian group takes over the Top 10 with the disco anthems Night Fever, Stayin' Alive, and How Deep Is Your Love.

1979–Adam (Noah) Levine, of Maroon 5, is born in Los Angeles, California. As part of Maroon 5, Levine has received three Grammy Awards, two Billboard Music Awards, two American Music Awards, an MTV Video Music Award, and a World Music Award. Since 2011, Levine has served as a coach on NBC's talent competition show The Voice. The winners of the first, fifth, and ninth seasons, Javier Colon, Tessanne Chin, and Jordan Smith, were on his team.

1980–A Vostok-2M rocket at Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 43 explodes during a fueling operation, killing 48 people.

1980–Psychoanalyst, sociologist, and humanistic philosopher, Erich Fromm, dies in Muralto, Ticino, Switzerland, at age 79. His works include Escape from Freedom, The Art of Loving, Marx's Concept of Man, The Art of Being, and The Art of Listening.

1982–Returning from a Philadelphia basketball game, singer, Teddy Pendergrass, is permanently paralyzed from the waist down, when the brakes on his Rolls Royce fail, causing him to cross into oncoming traffic and crash into a tree. He will return to performing in 1984.

1983–Umberto II of Italy dies in Geneva, Switzerland, at age 78.

1985–Capital Cities Communications Inc. acquires ABC-TV.

1986–The U.S. Treasury Department announces that a clear, polyester thread will be woven into paper money in an effort to thwart counterfeiters.

1987–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1989–The “California Quake” amusement ride opens at Universal Studios Theme Park.

1989–A 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.

1990–Germans in the German Democratic Republic vote in the first democratic elections in the former communist dictatorship.

1990–In the largest art theft in U.S. history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts.

1991–Apple computer CEO, Steve Jobs, marries Laurene Powell.

1992–Leona Helmsley is sentenced to four years in prison for tax evasion.

1994–Bosnia's Bosniaks and Croats sign the Washington Agreement, ending war between the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to establish the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1994–Actress, Zsa Zsa Gabor, files for bankruptcy.

1996–A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines, kills 162 people.

1997–The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en route to Turkey, causing the plane to crash. All 50 people on board are killed.

1997–Artist, Willem de Kooning, dies of Alzheimer's in Long Island, New York, at age 92. His early work was primarily of two types: figures and abstractions. As his work progressed, significant elements of his abstract work began to filter into his more figurative paintings. By mid-century, his work was full-fledged abstract expressionism. Willem de Kooning was among the group of artists that came to be known as the New York School, along with Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, and Robert Motherwell.

2001–John Phillips, founder of the 1960's pop group, The Mamas and The Papas, dies of heart failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 65.

2002–The 17th Annual Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony is held. This year’s inductees are: (Performers) Brenda Lee, Gene Pitney, Isaac Hayes, Talking Heads, The Ramones, and Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers; (Non-Performer) Jim Stewart; and (Sidemen) Chet Atkins. The ceremony takes place at The Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City. 2002 marked the first induction of punk-era bands.

2002–Super-centenarian, Maude Farris-Luse, dies in Coldwater, Michigan, at age 115 (and 56 days). She outlived two husbands and six of her seven children.

2003–About $1 billion is taken from Iraq’s Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family, just hours before the U.S. begins to bomb Iraq. This is the biggest bank robbery in history.

2006–Journalist, Bill Beutel, dies of a degenerative brain disease in Pinehurst, North Carolina, at age 75. He was best known for working over 40 years with the American Broadcasting Company, spending much of that time anchoring newscasts for WABC-TV in New York City.

2009–Actress, Natasha Richardson, dies from a head injury in a skiing accident in New York, New York, at age 45. She appeared in the films Gothic, Patty Hearst, Fat Man and Little Boy, The Handmaid’s Tale, Nell, Widow’s Peak, The Parent Trap, Waking Up in Reno, Maid in Manhattan, and Wild Child.

2010–Actor, Fess Parker, dies of natural causes in Santa Ynez, California, at age 85. He is best known for his starring role in the TV series Daniel Boone. He appeared in the films Harvey, Springfield Rifle, The Kid from Left Field, Island in the Sky, Them!, Battle, Davy Crockett King of the Wild Frontier, Old Yeller, and Hell is for Heroes.

2012–Tupou VI becomes King of Tonga.

2012–Actor, Peter Facinelli, divorces actress, Jennie Garth, due to irreconcilable differences after 11 years of marriage.

2014–The parliaments of Russia and Crimea sign an accession treaty.

2014–A news helicopter belonging to ABC affiliate KOMO-TV in Seattle, Washington, crashes on top of three cars at the Seattle Center after taking off from the station's Fisher Plaza studios. Pilot Gary Pfitzner and photographer Bill Strothman, who are on board, are killed and a 37-year-old man on the ground is critically injured due to severe burns.

2014–Joe Lala, drummer for Blues Image and Manassas, dies of lung cancer in Tampa, Florida, at age 66.

2015–The Bardo National Museum in Tunisia is attacked by gunmen. Twenty-three people, almost all tourists, are killed and at least 50 others are wounded.

2016–Salah Abdeslam, the alleged suspect and primary perpetrator of the November 2015 Paris terrorist attacks, is shot and arrested by Belgian authorities during a raid in Brussels.

2016–The FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Force, U.S. Secret Service, and New York City Police Department are investigating a letter containing a suspicious white powder and a threatening note which was sent to the home of Eric Trump, son of presidential candidate Donald Trump, in New York City. The handwritten note within the letter said: "If your father does not drop out of the race, the next envelope won't be a fake." It was signed "X."

2016–A Florida jury awards Hulk Hogan $115 million, after the gossip news website, Gawker, published a sex tape of the retired professional wrestler. Hogan's legal team argued that the New York City-based website violated his privacy and that the video wasn't newsworthy.

2016–Actor, Joe Santos, dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica, California, at age 84. He is best known the role of LAPD Sergeant Dennis Becker on the TV series The Rockford Files. He appeared in the films Panic in Needle Park, The Blue Knight, Shamus, Zandy’s Bride, Blue Thunder, Fear City, Revenge, Trial by Jury, and The Postman.

2017–Rock ‘n’ roller, Chuck Berry, dies in St. Charles, Missouri, at age 90. He was a guitarist, singer, songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. His hits include Maybellene, Roll Over Beethoven, Rock and Roll Music, No Psrticular Place to Go, Carol, School Days, You Can’t Catch Me, Sweet Little Sixteen, Little Queenie, Johnny B. Goode, and Memphis, Tennessee. He was a huge influence on The Beatles and The Rolling Stones.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Caligula; Mary Tudor; the first French buses; Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Edgar Cayce; Enrico Caruso; King George I of Greece; Andy Granatelli; an ad for the first electric razor; Charley Pride; Mount Vesuvius; Brad Dourif; RKO Pictures logo; Mike Rowe; the first Hayling Supermarket; Queen Latifah; Adam Levine; Teddy Pendergrass; the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt; Willem de Kooning; Fess Parker; and Joe Santos.

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